History in Structure

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Royal Exchange

A Grade I Listed Building in City of London, City of London

More Photos »
Approximate Location Map
Large Map »

Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5136 / 51°30'49"N

Longitude: -0.0872 / 0°5'14"W

OS Eastings: 532825

OS Northings: 181144

OS Grid: TQ328811

Mapcode National: GBR SC.KL

Mapcode Global: VHGR0.F7R0

Plus Code: 9C3XGW77+C4

Entry Name: Royal Exchange

Listing Date: 4 January 1950

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1064713

English Heritage Legacy ID: 199407

Location: City of London, London, EC3V

County: City of London

Electoral Ward/Division: Cornhill

Built-Up Area: City of London

Traditional County: Middlesex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): City of London

Church of England Parish: St Michael Cornhill

Church of England Diocese: London

Find accommodation in
London

Description

This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 10/02/2016

TQ 3281 SE
10/293

CORNHILL EC3 (North Side)
Royal Exchange

4.1.50.

I
1841 to 1844, by Sir William Tite. Building of two main storeys round arcaded courtyard, formerly open. Rich, heavy classical style in Portland stone. Eight columned portico to west with figure sculpture in tympanum of pediment and three arched openings behind with barrel vaults above. Side elevations pilastered, with arcades incorporating shops below a mezzanine and upper windows with shaped heads. Three central bays have richer carving and single, recessed entrance. Two statues to north elevation. Attic storey behind modelled parapet and balustrade. Pairs of chimney stacks connected by arches. Curved corners at rear and central portico of four engaged columns. Pilastered tower above with large statue of Sir Thomas Evesham, pair of consoles and two flanking turrets, topped by urns and lantern with pairs of columns set diagonally and crowning cupola.

Interior approached through decorative iron gates. Two storeys, treated with arcading and orders of engaged Doric and Ionic columns. Arched and pedimented first floor windows and large bracketed cornice now supporting heavy roof of cast iron and glass with coving, central dome and much enrichment. Central area has patterned paving. Cloister walls plain with series of C19 and C20 historical paintings of varied quality. Statues of Queen Elizabeth 1844, by M.L Watson, Charles II by Gibbons (?), Queen Victoria by Sir William Hamo Thorneycroft, 1895, Prince Albert by J.G Lough, 1841/42, Bust of Abraham Lincoln by Andrew O'Connor, 1930.

The design of the building perpetuates the general form of its predecessors of 1566 and 1667-69. Listed grade I as the symbolic centre of the commercial life of the City as much as for its architectural quality.

Listing NGR: TQ3282581144

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

BritishListedBuildings.co.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact BritishListedBuildings.co.uk for any queries related to any individual listed building, planning permission related to listed buildings or the listing process itself.

British Listed Buildings is a Good Stuff website.