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Former Weedon Barracks, Inner West of Series of 4 Blast Houses in Magazine Enclosure

A Grade II* Listed Building in Weedon Bec, West Northamptonshire

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Latitude: 52.2307 / 52°13'50"N

Longitude: -1.0905 / 1°5'25"W

OS Eastings: 462212

OS Northings: 259559

OS Grid: SP622595

Mapcode National: GBR 9TW.13Y

Mapcode Global: VHCVM.16V8

Plus Code: 9C4W6WJ5+7Q

Entry Name: Former Weedon Barracks, Inner West of Series of 4 Blast Houses in Magazine Enclosure

Listing Date: 29 April 1987

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1076519

English Heritage Legacy ID: 360840

Location: Weedon Bec, West Northamptonshire, Northamptonshire, NN7

County: West Northamptonshire

Civil Parish: Weedon Bec

Built-Up Area: Weedon Bec

Traditional County: Northamptonshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northamptonshire

Church of England Parish: Weedon Bec St Peter and St Paul

Church of England Diocese: Peterborough

Tagged with: Architectural structure

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1732/16/194 BRIDGE STREET
(West side)

Blast house, also known as a traverse. 1807-11. Flemish bond red brick with gauged brick arches, and with dentilled eaves to side walls; stone-coped kneelers to slate roof.

PLAN: Rectangular plan, aligned north-south, the central blast house being filled with earth and flanked at each end by a small office and Shifting Room, for changing into specialist magazine clothing. Only the southern sections of the latter survive, those to north having been demolished.

EXTERIOR: Gabled south elevations have segmental arches over central doorway and flanking windows (originally beaded 6-panel door and 6/6-pane sash).

INTERIOR: blast house originally earth-filled, and retains pegged king post roof. The interiors of the office/Shifting Rooms originally had boarded or panelled walls.

Part of a unique planned military-industrial complex, complete with its own defensible transport system and surrounding walls. Although the magazines (drawings of 1816 in Royal Engineers Library, W140 (D38), and later plans and drawings also archived there) are smaller in terms of their individual scale than the late 18th century example at Priddy's Hard opposite the naval dock at Portsmouth (listed grade I and like the Weedon examples built to the distinctive British double-vaulted plan), as a group they had no rival until the suite of traversed magazines were built at Bull Point, Plymouth, in the 1850s (Scheduled Ancient Monument). Catenary arches were first used at Tipnor in the 1790s and then Colonel D'Arcy's magazine at Upnor. The use of traverses makes the group highly innovatory in terms of its planning, blast walls of earth (sometimes faced in brick) being henceforth a characteristic features of magazine complexes. These traverses have also uniquely assumed an architectural form.

For full details of the site see description of Storehouse No 2.

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