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Former Weedon Barracks, West Magazine of Series of Four Magazines in Magazine Enclosure

A Grade II* Listed Building in Weedon Bec, West Northamptonshire

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Latitude: 52.2307 / 52°13'50"N

Longitude: -1.0914 / 1°5'29"W

OS Eastings: 462149

OS Northings: 259558

OS Grid: SP621595

Mapcode National: GBR 9TW.0X2

Mapcode Global: VHCVM.16C8

Plus Code: 9C4W6WJ5+7C

Entry Name: Former Weedon Barracks, West Magazine of Series of Four Magazines in Magazine Enclosure

Listing Date: 29 April 1987

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1076517

English Heritage Legacy ID: 360835

Location: Weedon Bec, West Northamptonshire, Northamptonshire, NN7

County: West Northamptonshire

Civil Parish: Weedon Bec

Built-Up Area: Weedon Bec

Traditional County: Northamptonshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northamptonshire

Church of England Parish: Weedon Bec St Peter and St Paul

Church of England Diocese: Peterborough

Tagged with: Architectural structure

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1732/16/189 BRIDGE STREET
(West side)

One of four paired magazines built 1807-11 within the Magazine Enclosure at Weedon Bec. Flemish bond brick on rendered plinth with chamfered sandstone top course; dentilled eaves courses to side elevations. Stone-coped gables. Rectangular plan, with two vaulted chambers. Double-gabled elevations to north and south, with segmental arches of gauged brick to doorways in centre of each. Late C20 doors and windows, the latter replacing original ventilators. Side elevations have perforated wrought-iron plates to ventilators, which are baffled internally. Interior: catenary arches to each chamber, with some arched access doorways between.

Part of a unique planned military-industrial complex, complete with its own defensible transport system and surrounding walls. Although the magazines (drawings of 1816 in Royal Engineers Library, W140 (D38), and later plans and drawings also archived there) are smaller in terms of their individual scale than the late 18th century example at Priddy's Hard opposite the naval dock at Portsmouth (listed grade I and like the Weedon examples built to the distinctive British double-vaulted plan), as a group they had no rival until the suite of traversed magazines were built at Bull Point, Plymouth, in the 1850s (Scheduled Ancient Monument). Catenary arches were first used at Tipnor in the 1790s and then Colonel D'Arcy's magazine at Upnor. The use of traverses makes the group highly innovatory in terms of its planning, blast walls of earth (sometimes faced in brick) being henceforth a characteristic features of magazine complexes. These traverses have also uniquely assumed an architectural form.

For full details of the site see description of Storehouse No 2.

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