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Passaford Farmhouse

A Grade II* Listed Building in Colaton Raleigh, Devon

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Latitude: 50.6814 / 50°40'53"N

Longitude: -3.2888 / 3°17'19"W

OS Eastings: 309042

OS Northings: 87651

OS Grid: SY090876

Mapcode National: GBR P7.5RFY

Mapcode Global: FRA 4708.LL7

Plus Code: 9C2RMPJ6+HF

Entry Name: Passaford Farmhouse

Listing Date: 10 February 1987

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1097499

English Heritage Legacy ID: 86386

Location: Otterton, East Devon, Devon, EX10

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Otterton

Built-Up Area: Colaton Raleigh

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Otterton St Michael

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

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SY 08 NE
3/185 Passaford Farmhouse
Farmhouse. Late C16-early C17, possibly earlier core, refurbished in the late C19,
(probably 1886, the date of the nearby court of farmbuildings). Plastered cob on
stone rubble footings; stone rubble or cob stacks topped with C19 brick; thatch
roof. C19 brick and weather-boarded outshot with tile roof.
The house faces south with a 3-room-and-through-passage plan with the service end
room at the left (western) end. However this does not appear to be a typical late
medieval arrangement. The usual service end room to the left is a parlour. It and
the passage show no features earlier than the C19 and are separated from the hall by
a thick cob crosswall but it is unlikely that this section was added then. It must
be considered original. The inner room end is deeper than the rest of the house.
The inner room itself is shallower than the hall but it includes a 2-storey outshot
projecting to rear which extends a short distance behind the hall to include a
winder stair turret there. The inner room is a kitchen and the rear outshot was
probably a dairy. The room above the putative dairy was converted to a bathroom in
the late C19. This unusual arrangement of inner room kitchen and lower end parlour
can not be proved to be late C16-early C17 because of the late C19 modernisation but
is thought to be so. The lower end and inner rooms have gable end stacks, the
latter projecting. The hall has an axial stack backing onto the passage. Late C19
outshot on right (eastern) end. Main house is 2 storeys.
Irregular 5-window front of late C19 casements with glazing bars and contemporary 4-
panel door left of centre to front of through passage. Up to circa 1970 the rear
roof was carried down over a pentice to rear of the hall. Roof is gable ended.
Good Interior: Where exposed all the early features are consistently late C16-early
C17 in date. None show in the passage or service end parlour. The hall has a 16-
panel intersecting beam ceiling. The beams are relatively narrow with very deep
chamfers, more like contemporary Somerset beams than those in Devon. Some of them
retain traces of ancient colour; enriched chevron patterns of orange and yellow.
Directly in front of the stair turret one of the beam soffits has been cut into and
the joists in the adjoining panel interfered with as if there was once a stair here;
an apparently unnecessary arrangement. Along the crosswall at the upper end of the
hall there is a length of C17 oak small-field panelled wainscotting containing a
frieze of chip-carved lunettes. It is set well off the floor as if it provided a
back over an upper end bench. At the other end the stack intrudes into the room and
interrupts the ceiling. The fireplace is blocked by a C20 grate but part of the oak
lintel is exposed. On the first floor the massive chimney breast looks as though it
is built of cob. The inner room kitchen has a soffit-chamfered and step-stopped
crossbeam, the same finish as the oak lintel of the fireplace. The fireplace itself
has been lined with C19 brick and has a contemporary rear oven with a cast iron door
bearing the local founder's name, Gosling of Otterton. The heavy oak bench fixed to
the hall crosswall in this room may be the one removed from the other side. Most of
the windows throughout the house appear to occupy original embrasures and there are
signs of a blocked window to rear of the hall. Some of those on the first floor
have solid walnut window seats. Most of the joinery detail is C19.
The roof over the inner room is 2-bays and although the truss is plastered over it
is apparently a jointed cruck. The lean-to roof over the dairy outshot behind may
have been raised in the C19. There is no sign of any truss over the rest of the
house and the roofspace is inaccessible.
Passaford is an attractive and interesting farmhouse with an unusual and intriguing
plan form. The house is of further interest being built so close to another
important early farmhouse, Pavers (q.v.), which stands the other side of the lane.

Listing NGR: SY0904287651

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