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Cattle Shelter and Adjoining Wall 480 Metres North-West of the Great Sluice

A Grade II Listed Building in Braunton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0901 / 51°5'24"N

Longitude: -4.1795 / 4°10'46"W

OS Eastings: 247458

OS Northings: 134567

OS Grid: SS474345

Mapcode National: GBR KK.CR04

Mapcode Global: FRA 2647.MJS

Entry Name: Cattle Shelter and Adjoining Wall 480 Metres North-West of the Great Sluice

Listing Date: 14 November 1985

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1107117

English Heritage Legacy ID: 98296

Location: Braunton, North Devon, Devon, EX33

County: Devon

District: North Devon

Civil Parish: Braunton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Braunton St Brannock

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

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Listing Text

This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 16/07/2015


SS 43SE
9/30

BRAUNTON,
BRAUNTON MARSH,
Cattle Shelter and adjoining wall 480 metres north-west of The Great Sluice

(Formerly listed as Cattle Shelter and adjoining wall 48 metres north-west of The Great Sluice)

II

Small cattle shelter and adjoining shelter wall. Circa 1815-20. Shale rubble with low pitched corrugated iron roof with gabled ends and with cemented file capping to gable. Open fronted 2 bays with rectangular stone rubble pier supporting roof. Stone rubble shelter wall attached to south east corner extends around front area with curved corner.
This cattle shelter (locally known as linhays) is one of many on Braunton Marsh and served as a shelter and probably a fodder store for cattle on the marsh. Braunton Marsh was probably reclaimed in the Middle Ages from tidal waters of the River Taw, but from 1811-15 the marsh was more extensively drained after authorization by Act of Parliament (1811) as a result of the endeavours of the Lords of the Manors of Braunton Gorges, Braunton Abbotts, Braunton Arundel and Saunton and others who had grazing rights on the marshes. They sought to enclose Braunton Marsh which was regularly flooded by tidal water. 949 acres were reclaimed. John Pascoe was the surveyor and James Green (County Surveyor) the engineer. The adjacent Horsey Island to the south east was reclaimed between 1852-1857.
Historically these late enclosures are particularly interesting in Braunton where the Great Field immediately north of the marsh is one of only 3 open field systems to survive in England. Although today (1984) there are only 5 farmers on the Great Field their holdings are still widely dispersed over the field as they were in the Middle Ages when there were about 100 farmers.

Reference: A H Slee Trans. Devonshire Assoc. (1969) Vol.100, pp.101-l10.
W G Hoskins and H P R Finberg, Devonshire Studies pp.265-271 and p.332.


Listing NGR: SS4745834567

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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