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Mill Dam Forming Road Bridge over River Ter and Associated Wheel Chamber and Water Pump to the South

A Grade II Listed Building in Terling, Essex

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Latitude: 51.8029 / 51°48'10"N

Longitude: 0.5674 / 0°34'2"E

OS Eastings: 577111

OS Northings: 214699

OS Grid: TL771146

Mapcode National: GBR PJQ.S9W

Mapcode Global: VHJJQ.SY99

Plus Code: 9F32RH38+5W

Entry Name: Mill Dam Forming Road Bridge over River Ter and Associated Wheel Chamber and Water Pump to the South

Listing Date: 13 March 1986

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1123415

English Heritage Legacy ID: 115471

Location: Terling, Braintree, Essex, CM3

County: Essex

District: Braintree

Civil Parish: Terling

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Terling All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford

Tagged with: Building

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11/123 Mill dam forming road
bridge over River Ter,
and associated wheel
chamber and water pump
to the south

- II

Mill dam and wheel chamber of former watermill, 1767, and water pump, c.1870.
Red brick in English bond, abutments of bridge reinforced with concrete.
Aligned NE-SW across the River Ter, approx. 40 metres long, with 2 stilted round
arches over the main channel, and a smaller stilted round arch over an overflow
channel at the NE end. Wheel chamber and pump immediately S of SW end. On SE
face of dam a stone tablet inscribed 'J.S. 1767' and a bronze plaque 'Essex
County Council 1914'. The mill and associated works were constructed by John
Strutt. The mill was demolished by the second Lord Rayleigh, who installed
a pump in the original wheel-chamber, to supply drinking water to the village.
A cast iron pipe of square section led the intake, through a control valve
operated by a bevel gear, to drive an undershot cast iron wheel with 24 curved
vanes. The supply of drinking water was piped from a spring at Swan Pond, 250
metres to the S, to 3 galvanised horizontal cylinders bolted through their end
flanges to a cast iron chest containing 3 non-return valves. The water-wheel
drove a crankshaft mounted on 3 split bearings, and 3 connecting rods and
pistons. From the chest the water passed through a domed cylindrical collector
and a gravity-operated safety valve to a system of standpipes, with an overflow
in Wat Hobbs Lane. This sytem remained in use until c.1915, when it was
replaced by an engine-driven pump of larger capacity, required to supply a large
military camp. At the time of inspection, March 1985, the waterwheel and pump
were complete except for one broken vane, one piston, connecting rod and
big-end, part of the control gear, and oil cups for the bearings (G.A. Isted, A
Story of Terling, 1977, 3-9).

Listing NGR: TL7711114699

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