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The Reform Club

A Grade I Listed Building in St James's, Westminster

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Latitude: 51.5066 / 51°30'23"N

Longitude: -0.1335 / 0°8'0"W

OS Eastings: 529636

OS Northings: 180277

OS Grid: TQ296802

Mapcode National: GBR GG.63

Mapcode Global: VHGQZ.MDSD

Plus Code: 9C3XGV48+JJ

Entry Name: The Reform Club

Listing Date: 5 February 1970

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1225841

English Heritage Legacy ID: 422824

Location: St. James's, Westminster, London, SW1Y

County: Westminster

Electoral Ward/Division: St James's

Built-Up Area: City of Westminster

Traditional County: Middlesex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: St James Piccadilly

Church of England Diocese: London

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82/66 (south side)
5.2.70 No. 104: The Reform
G.V. I
Gentlemen's Club, 1837-41 by Charles Barry. Portland stone ashlar, with
rusticated quoins, low pitched tiled roof. The mature accomplishment of
Barry's palazzo style first introduced by him at the Travellers' Club next
door. 2 main storeys and attic storey, on podium-basement. 9 windows wide
with 8-window west return and garden elevation repeating entrance front.
Central entrance, approached by flight of steps, has tall, Peruzzi-inspired
Roman doorway with eared architrave and carved jambs, rich double consoles
supporting dentilled and modillioned cornice-hood. Recessed original
casement windows, those on ground floor in architraves rising from
pedestal-course with console-flanked apron panels below and consoled
cornices above; the 1st floor windows treated as Ionic columned and
pedimented aedicules also rising from pedestal-course with shallow, console
bracketed balustered balconettes, their bases as forward breaks in the
ground floor cornice; architraved attic casements with sills breaking from
sill course; the whole front finished off with a finely carved great Roman
eaves cornice carried all the way round. Tall panelled chimney stacks with
bracketed cornices. Stone balustrade to area raised on rusticated plinth
with 2 iron lampstandards surmounting the dies flanking steps. To left is
a slightly recessed 2 storey, 1-window wide extension with rusticated
semicircular arched doorway and 1st floor balustrade to set back 1st floor.
The grand club interior also conceived in the Italian manner, organised
about a central almost square saloon "cortile" with coved glazed roof, the
ambulatories on both floors screened by a 2 storey peristyle with
Corinthian yellow marble columns above Ionic ground floor ones; Italian
Renaissance staircase rising between solid walls to return in 2 flights;
magnificent library behind the garden front divided into 3 sections by
columns; morning room with half-size copy of the Parthenon frieze;
splendidly rich colour scheme; much of original furniture as designed by
Barry etc. (Loose items of furniture not covered by listing.) Following the Travellers'
Club, a most influential design.
Survey of London; Vol. XXIX.

Listing NGR: TQ2963780274

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