History in Structure

Royal Arsenal Building 20

A Grade II Listed Building in Greenwich, London

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Latitude: 51.4941 / 51°29'38"N

Longitude: 0.0719 / 0°4'18"E

OS Eastings: 543929

OS Northings: 179271

OS Grid: TQ439792

Mapcode National: GBR NJ.QS4

Mapcode Global: VHHNK.6QC0

Plus Code: 9F32F3VC+JQ

Entry Name: Royal Arsenal Building 20

Listing Date: 9 July 1997

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1245204

English Heritage Legacy ID: 468764

ID on this website: 101245204

Location: Royal Arsenal West, Greenwich, London, SE18

County: London

District: Greenwich

Electoral Ward/Division: Woolwich Riverside

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Greenwich

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: Woolwich St Mary Magdalene with St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Southwark

Tagged with: Architectural structure

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North Woolwich


(North side)

786- /9/10065 Royal Arsenal
Building 20


Chemistry laboratory, now office. 1864, designed for Sir Frederick Augustus Abel, War Department Chemist, extended to E and S in 1885, 1903 and 1913. Yellow brick with red brick dressings, ridge stacks and slate roof Double-depth plan, extended to east and north. 2 storeys; 11-window range. Symmetrical front with plinth, moulded impost bands and first-floor ci1l band and brick eaves cornice, the recessed middle 5-bay range articulated by pilasters with moulded capitals. Central round-arched doorway has a fanlight and door with 8 raised diamong panels, and rubbed brick keyed round-arched sashes with margin panes. Similar 3-window side elevations and 3x3 bay blocks to rear, one with glazed clerestorey. INTERIOR: contains a central dogleg stair with ornate cast-iron balusters and twisted newel, curtail and moulded railings, axial passage and panelled doors. The left-hand room open to the roof which has cast-iron elliptical arches with open spandrels on moulded corbels, spanning the room and with similar arches to the hips, and a timber balcony all round on foliate cast-iron brackets with railings as the stair. Historical note: This was the first custom-built laboratory in the Arsenal. Its function is clearly expressed through the design of the laboratory itself, the open left-hand room allowing fumes to disperse from the lab benches. The E wing housed the early photographic section of the War Department. Formerly had iron balconies at both ends. Included as very early purpose-built chemical laboratory, exemplifying the role of the chemist as the most significant factor in the advance of research and development in the post-1850s period in Europe.

Listing NGR: TQ4392979271

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