History in Structure

St Nicholas Hospital Main Block

A Grade II* Listed Building in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk

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Latitude: 52.5965 / 52°35'47"N

Longitude: 1.7327 / 1°43'57"E

OS Eastings: 652890

OS Northings: 306400

OS Grid: TG528064

Mapcode National: GBR YR8.6WG

Mapcode Global: WHNVZ.LZ9V

Plus Code: 9F43HPWM+H3

Entry Name: St Nicholas Hospital Main Block

Listing Date: 5 August 1974

Last Amended: 26 February 1998

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1245983

English Heritage Legacy ID: 468592

ID on this website: 101245983

Location: Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, NR30

County: Norfolk

District: Great Yarmouth

Electoral Ward/Division: Nelson

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Great Yarmouth

Traditional County: Norfolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Norfolk

Church of England Parish: Great Yarmouth

Church of England Diocese: Norwich

Tagged with: Architectural structure

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839-1/6/146 (South side)
05/08/74 St Nicholas' Hospital, Main Block
(Formerly Listed as:
Royal Naval Asylum)


Naval hospital. 1809-11. By William Pilkington under
supervision of Edward Holl, Architect to the Navy Board.
Became naval barracks in 1818 and subsequently a general
hospital. Yellow brick laid in Flemish bond with dressings of
Portland stone. Slate roofs.
PLAN: quadrangle plan of single-depth wards, with W chapel.
EXTERIOR: 2 storeys. Each of the 4 wings linked by a
single-storey quadrant passageway. The north front has a
central 5-bay pediment over a rusticated stone entrance arch.
Fenestration throughout is generally of sash windows fitted
with 6/6 glazing bars. Platband at first floor continues round
entire exterior. North front has 2 full-height square
projections added later. Shallow gabled roofs. East, west and
south fronts also with 2 added projections in gault brick, the
south with an additional centre projection acting as an
entrance. The internal elevations of the 4 blocks basically
similar, each having an arcade under round arches of 29 bays,
arranged in the same rhythm: 3 bays, 10 bays, central 3
portico bays, 10 bays, 3 bays. The arcade is single-storeyed
and set in front of the 29 bays of sashes of the first floors.
The north and south porticos have pediments and project over
the full depth of the arcade while the east and west
pedimented porticos break forward only slightly. The ground
floor of each of these porticos continue the arcading but have
unfluted Roman Doric columns, doubled at the ends. Metope
frieze. The south portico has had its arcade bays blocked with
windows and has a polygonal lantern tower with clock faces.
The corner quadrants each have 2 similar columns in antis. The
west portico contains the chapel and has instead of 6/6
first-floor sashes 3 plate tracery windows, which are repeated
on both floors of the exterior elevation.
INTERIOR: extremely plain. No original main rooms or
staircases. The principal staircase to the west of the north
entrance is boarded but probably has wide stick balusters.
Chapel interior rises through 2 storeys, with a moulded string
course marking the nominal floor-line. Coved plastered ceiling
without decoration.

HISTORICAL NOTE: the cupola formerly lit the first-floor
operating theatre. A unique piece of planning for a military
building, whose closest model is the late C17 Royal Hospital,
Kilmainham in Dublin, and possibly influenced by Haslar naval
hospital; walkways for moving and exercising patients were
standard elements in military hospitals of the period. Built
for casualties from the North Sea squadron in the Napoleonic
War, it was stil admired for its well-lit and ventilated
design by the hospital reformers in the 1860s. An impressive
and original instance of hospital planning and military
architecture, forming part of a complete group.
(Buildings of England: Pevsner N: North-east Norfolk and
Norwich: London: 1973-: 148; SAVE Britain's Heritage: Deserted
Bastions: London: 1993-: 124).

Listing NGR: TG5289006400

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