History in Structure

Hertford County Hospital (Main Front Block)

A Grade II Listed Building in Hertford, Hertfordshire

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Latitude: 51.7968 / 51°47'48"N

Longitude: -0.089 / 0°5'20"W

OS Eastings: 531879

OS Northings: 212629

OS Grid: TL318126

Mapcode National: GBR KBQ.8BJ

Mapcode Global: VHGPN.D3TF

Plus Code: 9C3XQWW6+PC

Entry Name: Hertford County Hospital (Main Front Block)

Listing Date: 12 April 1973

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1268850

English Heritage Legacy ID: 461397

ID on this website: 101268850

Location: Hertford, East Hertfordshire, SG14

County: Hertfordshire

District: East Hertfordshire

Civil Parish: Hertford

Built-Up Area: Hertford

Traditional County: Hertfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hertfordshire

Church of England Parish: Hertford St Andrew with St Nicholas

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans

Tagged with: Architectural structure

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817-1/8/134 (South side)
12/04/73 Hertford County Hospital (main front


Hospital, built as General Infirmary. 1832-3, much altered and
extended late C19 and C20. Designed by Thomas Smith,
architect. Stuccoed brick, and yellow stock brick, laid to
Flemish bond to flanks. Welsh slated hipped roof.
EXTERIOR: 3 storeys and attic. 5-bay front elevation, with
slightly later single bay wings set back to left and right.
Central 3 bays break slightly forward with tetrastyle Tuscan
Doric pseudo-portico to upper 2 storeys, and plat band at
first-floor level across full width of facade. First floor has
recessed 12-pane sash windows, second floor squat 6-pane
sashes, the 2 to right of pediment now enlarged. 3 light box
dormer to left of central pediment. Ground floor has recessed
12-pane sashes, some now altered, and central doorway with
half-glazed door beneath fanlight with bolection moulded
architrave surround. Fascia and entablature, the former
reflected in a deep projecting band across the original 5 bay
facade. Pediment with sculpted tympanum symbolising medicine,
centrally set on raised band at base of pediment, with moulded
console supports, is inscribed 'stone placed by Bishop of
Lincoln 17 July 1832.'
INTERIOR: not inspected.
HISTORICAL NOTE: the hospital had its origins in the efforts
of Rev Thomas Lloyd and Henry Cowper of Tewin Water to provide
medical services for the poor. In 1822 the General Dispensary
was opened in Hertford Castle by permission of the Marquess of
Salisbury; a decade later the General Infirmary was built.
Thomas Smith (1798-1875), the architect lived nearby at No.2
North Road (qv) which he built for himself in 1827-28.
The hospital opened on 4 July 1833, but financial difficulties
restricted its patient intake a year later until eased by
donations from Henry Cowper who also endowed the post of
Chaplain, and subsequently invested a sum to pay the salary of
the resident Medical Secretary, George Towers MD.
The name changed to Hertford County Hospital in 1908, and a
new wing was built followed by substantial reconstruction in
1916, and a further wing, whose foundation stone was laid by
Edward Prince of Wales in 1922, and further additions in 1932,
progressively covering the original spacious landscaped
gardens. The National Health Service took over the hospital in

(Turnor L: History of Hertford: Hertford: 1830-: 308-12; The
Buildings of England: Pevsner N: Hertfordshire: Harmondsworth:
1977-: 189; Green L: Hertford's Past in pictures: Ware: 1993-:
45; Felstead A: Directory of British Architects 1834-1900:
London: 1993-; Heath C: Hertford County Hospital - 150th
Anniversary: Hertford: 1983-; Hertford County Museum: Hertford
County Hospital, About Hertford: Hertford; Colvin H: A
Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840:
London: 1978-).

Listing NGR: TL3187912628

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