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Bailey Walls, North East Range to Hertford Castle (Hertford Castle Demolished)

A Grade II* Listed Building in Hertford, Hertfordshire

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Latitude: 51.7959 / 51°47'45"N

Longitude: -0.0796 / 0°4'46"W

OS Eastings: 532531

OS Northings: 212552

OS Grid: TL325125

Mapcode National: GBR KBQ.BPS

Mapcode Global: VHGPN.K4S2

Plus Code: 9C3XQWWC+95

Entry Name: Bailey Walls, North East Range to Hertford Castle (Hertford Castle Demolished)

Listing Date: 10 February 1950

Last Amended: 9 September 1996

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1268984

English Heritage Legacy ID: 461232

ID on this website: 101268984

Location: Hertford, East Hertfordshire, SG14

County: Hertfordshire

District: East Hertfordshire

Civil Parish: Hertford

Built-Up Area: Hertford

Traditional County: Hertfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hertfordshire

Church of England Parish: Hertford St Andrew with St Nicholas

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans

Tagged with: Castle Seat of local government

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817-1/17/310 Bailey Walls, north-east range to
10/02/50 Hertford Castle (Hertford Castle
(Formerly Listed as:
Hertford Castle: SE range Bailey
Walls, N range Bailey Walls)


Curtain wall along north-east side of Castle Bailey. Late C12,
c1171-4, with later repairs and alterations. Flint rubble with
clunch blocks, and extensive repairs and rebuilding in red
brick laid to English bond. At south-east corner is a screen
totally rebuilt in red brick, on the site of the angle
bastion, finally destroyed by the Marquess of Downshire
together with a house built in the angle between the walls,
visible in Sparrow's engraving of 1776. The wall attains its
greatest height of 15 -18 ft, without later crenellations. The
north gateway has a pair of C20 iron gates between circular
castellated flint rubble gate piers. The return run of the
curtain wall towards the motte has a 6 ft top section rebuilt
internally in red brick, with flint faced outer wall.
HISTORICAL NOTE: Hertford Castle reputedly originated as a
Saxon fort built by order of King Alfred against the Danes
encamped at Ware. The castle was built (or reconstructed) by
William I shortly after 1066 as a motte and bailey - the motte
mount, 22 ft high, remains in the north angle of the castle
precinct overlooking the river. In 1171-4, at the behest of
Henry II ยป171 was spent, probably on the replacement of the
wooden palisade by the flint rubble curtain wall. The castle
was periodically improved and had a double moat, the outer
moat following the line of the north side of Castle Street,
and the east side of Parliament Square and The Wash. An
embankment separated the two moats, broadening into the Outer
Ward to the west of the Gate House. The inner moat ran the
perimeter of the curtain wall. Long since infilled, the
vestiges of the moats can be seen in the undulating land forms
of the approach to the south postern from Castle Street, and
in the hollow behind the properties in Castle Street and
Parliament Square. The Bailey occupies an area of 2.3 acres,
and the castle precinct 7.75 acres.
Hertford Castle Gate House, curtain walls, motte and bailey
and precinct (qqv) are a Scheduled Ancient Monument.
(Turnor L: History of Hertford: Hertford: 1830-: 16-52,
308-12; Victoria History of the Counties of England:

Hertfordshire: London: 1902-1912: 501-6; Royal Commission on
Historical Monuments (England): An Inventory of the Historical
Monuments of Hertfordshire: London: 1910-: 113; The King's
Works: London: 1963-: 678-71; Hertfordshire Countryside:
Davies HG: 'From Royal Palace to Council Offices': Letchworth:
1946-1971: 34-38; The Buildings of England: Pevsner N:
Hertfordshire: Harmondsworth: 1977-: 187).

Listing NGR: TL3253212552

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