History in Structure

St Mary's Abbey Tower to Original Abbey

A Grade I Listed Building in West Malling, Kent

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Latitude: 51.2936 / 51°17'36"N

Longitude: 0.4119 / 0°24'42"E

OS Eastings: 568262

OS Northings: 157704

OS Grid: TQ682577

Mapcode National: GBR NPC.WGJ

Mapcode Global: VHJM5.3R36

Plus Code: 9F327CV6+CQ

Entry Name: St Mary's Abbey Tower to Original Abbey

Listing Date: 25 August 1959

Last Amended: 30 November 1993

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1292791

English Heritage Legacy ID: 392465

ID on this website: 101292791

Location: St Mary's Abbey, West Malling, Tonbridge and Malling, Kent, ME19

County: Kent

District: Tonbridge and Malling

Civil Parish: West Malling

Built-Up Area: West Malling

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent

Church of England Parish: West Malling St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Rochester

Tagged with: Tower

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West Malling



1156-0/3/157 St Mary's Abbey: Tower to original
25/08/59 Abbey
(Formerly Listed as:
St Mary'Abbey)


Ruins of tower of Abbey church. c1090 built by Archbishop
Gundulf of Rochester who removed an order of Benedictine monks
installed since AD944 and installed Benedictine nuns with an
abbess Aricia brought over from Normandy and rededicated the
Abbey from St Andrew to the Virgin Mary. The base of the tower
is of the early Norman period with late Norman arcading above
C14 octagonal corner turrets and with lean-to erected on the
east side during the C18 by Honeywood. Built of stone rubble
with 2 lowest tiers of arcading of tufa and some Caen stone
dressings. West front has projecting corners, the 1st stage
having c1090 round-headed arches, the 2nd stage having similar
round-headed arches with impost blocks, the 3rd stage with
late Norman blank arcading, the 4th stage with late Noman
blank arcading which continues across the front and the 5th
stage with C14 tall octagonal turrets. Arched doorway with
wooden door surround and 6-plank door with iron handle. Above
is a paired trefoliated window with quatrefoil above. Tall
round-headed blocked arch on either side of doorcase. North
front has blocked-in arch to 1st stage and above window with
double cinquefoil-headed arch. East front has C18 lean-to
built on with 2 double cinquefoil-headed lights resited from
other parts of the Abbey and 2-storey central door, the upper
probably a hayloft. South front obscured by C20 building built
over west side of cloister.

Listing NGR: TQ6829257677

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