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Barn at Shenfield Hall

A Grade II Listed Building in Shenfield, Essex

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Latitude: 51.6331 / 51°37'59"N

Longitude: 0.3183 / 0°19'5"E

OS Eastings: 560541

OS Northings: 195242

OS Grid: TQ605952

Mapcode National: GBR YG.LYG

Mapcode Global: VHHN3.G6MX

Entry Name: Barn at Shenfield Hall

Listing Date: 9 December 1994

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1297233

English Heritage Legacy ID: 373450

Location: Brentwood, Essex, CM15

County: Essex

District: Brentwood

Town: Brentwood

Electoral Ward/Division: Shenfield

Built-Up Area: Brentwood

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Shenfield St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford

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Listing Text


TQ69NW HALL LANE, Shenfield
723-1/6/275 (East side)
Barn at Shenfield Hall


Barn, now used as a stable. Early C16, late C16, mid C17, C18.
Timber-framed on red brick walling, weatherboarded, peg-tiled
roof. Aligned N-S on sloping ground and walling deepest at N
end to retain level base for timberwork. Rectangular plan of 7
bays, 2 waggon porches on W side.
EXTERIOR: E elevation somewhat irregular as a result of
alteration, one C20 top-opening casement window with glazing
bars at each end, N 4x2 panes, S 3x2 panes. 2 iron-framed
fixed lights with segment heads and glazing bars, 6x4 panes in
S end with 2-sectioned stable door between, second stable door
with fixed window of 5 panes above in centre of range. W
elevation has hipped roofed waggon porch towards N end, roof
eaves project with 2 bracket struts. Another porch at the
extreme S end with half hipped roof. Both porches have C20
2-leaved upper doors with lower closed sections, a remnant of
arrangements for threshing. Central C20 2-leaved door with, to
S C20 top-opening casement window as on E elevation, 3x2
panes, to N, C20 2-sectioned stable door with 5 panes fixed
light above. To N of N porch is a lean-to, slated,
weatherboarded addition with C20 3x2 paned, top-opening
casement window. S end elevation plain. N end has C20 sliding
INTERIOR: the 7 bays are of progressively later build from S
to N in 3 phases. Bay one early C16, heavy construction,
jowled post, end tie-beam has slight camber, curved tie-beam
and arcade braces, arcade plate has edge halved and bridled
scarf, raking queen stuts, upper roof renewed, side aisle
walling renewed in C19 or C20. Waggon porch added to earlier
structure in mid-C17, jowled posts, primary wall bracing. Bays
2 and 3 added in late C16 similar to phase one but now with
face-halved and bladed scarf joint on arcade plates and aisle
wall plates and generally of lighter scantling: tie-beam and
supporting braces are straight. Side aisled with straight
post/tie triangular bracing. Roof has trapped side purlins,
collars supported by raking queen struts, also intermediate
unsupported collars. Side aisle walling unusual with primary
arched braces and secondary studding. N end of bay 3,
weatherboarded and originally a closed frame - quite clearly
once the N end of the barn. Bays 4-7 C17, simply attached to
older barn end with way cut through. Slender face-halved and
bladed scarfs, arcade posts and braces some reworking -
original system has jowled post, straight tie-beams with
slightly curved braces, some now removed and replaced by C18
solid knee braces; jowls cut away to accommodate arcade
bracing, square section, well curved, accompanying carpenters'
marks in Roman numerals. Aisles have rear in-sloping braces
between sills and ties. Roof of simple form, side purlins with
collars (no support struts), outer side walling slender, of
oak and elm, C18 or C19. Waggon porch to W of bay 5 built as
one with main structure, E side of this bay has original barn
doorway blocked. A date of 1757 with a cyma and bead moulding
below is cut into the jowl of the W arcade post of the S side
of bay 5 and if it dates anything it is contemporary with the
substitution of knee braces for normal tie-beam braces in bays
4 and 7. Shenfield Hall (qv) and the barn form a group.

Listing NGR: TQ6054195242

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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