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Walden Castle

A Grade I Listed Building in Saffron Walden, Essex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.0256 / 52°1'32"N

Longitude: 0.2418 / 0°14'30"E

OS Eastings: 553907

OS Northings: 238722

OS Grid: TL539387

Mapcode National: GBR MBX.VB4

Mapcode Global: VHHL4.4CQ1

Entry Name: Walden Castle

Listing Date: 28 November 1951

Last Amended: 31 October 1994

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1297737

English Heritage Legacy ID: 370692

Location: Saffron Walden, Uttlesford, Essex, CB10

County: Essex

Civil Parish: Saffron Walden

Built-Up Area: Saffron Walden

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

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Listing Text


SAFFRON WALDEN

TL5338 MUSEUM STREET
669-1/1/305 (East side (off))
28/11/51 Walden Castle
(Formerly Listed as:
Walden Castle)

I

Remnant of tower-keep. Late C11 or early C12. Flint and mortar
core of walls severely degraded. Rectangular plan, approx
12.3m square with NW projection of forebuilding. 2 storeys
survive. Interior has a central pier base to support upper
floors and ground floor semicircular arched recesses approx
2.0m deep on the N, S and W sides. S recess has some
herringbone pitched flint work, also shuttering ridges in the
soffit mortar of S, SW and N recesses. On first floor, a
recess on W side has been interpreted as a fireplace (RCHM).
The walls are breached through on SE corner, on site of stairs
and tunnelled through at back of the N recess. A well, now
covered, exists in the NW angle. Over this corner is a low
projection built in the C18 as a semaphore station. Although a
ruin, areas of original flat wall facing of simple flint work
survive in several places ie. exterior, centre of N wall,
outer face of pilaster buttress and adjacent wall on E side,
interior, rear wall of recess in S wall and adjacent wall to
E. Some of the walling is covered with ivy.
HISTORICAL NOTE: it is not known who built the keep. Stylistic
comparison suggests a building date of the second quarter of
C12, cf. Farnham Castle 1138, Ascot Doilly Castle 1129-42.
Geoffrey (II) de Mandeville was however forced to surrender
the castle to Stephen in 1144.
(Chelmsford Archaeological Trust Report, CBA Research Report
45: Bassett SR: Saffron Walden to 1300: London: 1982-: 15 -18;
The Buildings of England: Pevsner N & Ratcliffe E: Essex:
London: 1965-: 333).


Listing NGR: TL5390738722

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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