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Latitude: 50.9271 / 50°55'37"N
Longitude: -3.92 / 3°55'11"W
OS Eastings: 265162
OS Northings: 115941
OS Grid: SS651159
Mapcode National: GBR KX.PYKG
Mapcode Global: FRA 26PN.DMY
Plus Code: 9C2RW3GJ+V2
Entry Name: Golland Farmhouse
Listing Date: 8 January 1988
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1325733
English Heritage Legacy ID: 97165
Location: Burrington, North Devon, Devon, EX37
District: North Devon
Civil Parish: Burrington
Traditional County: Devon
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon
Church of England Parish: Burrington Holy Trinity
Church of England Diocese: Exeter
BURRINGTON GOLLAND LANE
SS 61 NE
6/37 Golland Farmhouse
Farmhouse. Probably mid to late C16, with C17 alterations. Rendered stone rubble
and cob. Thatch roof with gable ends. Tall front lateral unrendered stone rubble
hall stack with offsets, heightened in brick. Brick stack set across the angle of
the rear left (lower) end corner.
3-room and cross-passage plan. The development of the house suggests it was built
at a transitional period, the very light smoke-blackening to the hall roof pointing
to a very short period elapsing before the hall was ceiled over. Solid wall
partitions rise to the apex of the roof at the lower (left) end of the cross-passage
and between the hall and inner room. External rendering may conceal straight joints
at these divisions, and the inaccessibility of the lower end roofspace also prevents
a complete assessment; however, the internal evidence suggests that both lower and
inner room ends are contemporary with the hall and were both ceiled from the outset.
The inner room end is known to have retained its own separate staircase until the
twentieth century. The original function of the 2 end rooms is unclear, but the
superior ceiling beam to the lower end suggests it may have always served as a
parlour, with a stack introduced probably in the C19. The inner room end therefore
appears to have served as the service end, its upper storey having been used for
labourers accommodation into the early twentieth century. The hall, divided from
the passage by a plank and muntin screen, has a single large cross ceiling beam
sited towards the lower end; 2 mortises near the rear wall on its upper face
indicate the former existence of a steep stair or ladder, suggesting this may have
provided access to a jettied lower end before the hall was ceiled. However, the
jetty beam is stopped at its front end and rests on the timber lintel of the hall
stack above the lower end jamb, which would suggest that the hall stack was not a
later insertion. The light smoke-blackening could thus be the result of an open
hall which from the outset was heated not by an open hearth but an integral lateral
The hall joists appear to have been keyed from the outset to take a lath end plaster
ceiling, suggesting a possible C17 rather than late C16 date for the final ceiling
over of the hall. Apparently in the C19, a staircase was inserted in, and filling
the cross-passage, which involved the removal of the rear part of the screen and its
resiting and reuse as a doorway across the foot of the stairs.
2 storeys. 4-window range. Principally early C20 fenestration. 4-paned sashes at
left end and lighting hall, 2-light casements 2 panes per light at right end. C20
door. Dairy outshut to rear of hall and inner room with corrugated asbestos roof.
Interior: Rough unchamfered axial ceiling beam to inner room. Axial ceiling beam
to lower end has wide chamfer terminating in large hollow step stops. Plank and
muntin screen between cross-passage and hall, the headbeam and sill partially
concealed, but muntins appear to be stopped at the base of the chamfers on the
passage side. The rear part of the screen handrail and one of the planks have been
resited at the foot of the cross-passage stairs, the rear part now set back slightly
has been replaced with an identical screen. Chamfered cross ceiling beam towards
lower end of hall with mortices for ladder or steep stairs close to the rear wall,
and stopped on the hall side at the front end with a diagonally cut stop. Chamfered
fireplace lintel with run out stops. Bread oven to rear wall, the oven projection
demolished. Outline of probable creamery recess to upper end wall of hall.
No roof trusses over lower or inner room end, the purlins being carried entirely by
the solid wall partitions. Purlins, rafters and battens to inner room end appear to
be contemporary with the hall roof structure. Single raised cruck truss to hall
section, sited directly over the hall ceiling beam, with cambered mortised and
tenoned collar and 2 tiers of trenched purlins. The smoke-blackening is virtually
undiscernible on the cross-passage side; on the hall side it has affected mainly
the lower parts of the rafters, battens and thatch.
Golland Farmhouse retains features of considerable interest which together suggest a
transitional plan form with both ends ceiled from the outset and the hall originally
open to the roof but apparently heated by an integral lateral stack.
Listing NGR: SS6516215941
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