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Homewell Parchment Works

A Grade II Listed Building in Havant, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8505 / 50°51'1"N

Longitude: -0.983 / 0°58'58"W

OS Eastings: 471685

OS Northings: 106160

OS Grid: SU716061

Mapcode National: GBR BCN.Q7R

Mapcode Global: FRA 86TV.JTH

Plus Code: 9C2XV228+6Q

Entry Name: Homewell Parchment Works

Listing Date: 23 September 1997

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1362081

English Heritage Legacy ID: 468858

Location: St. Faith's, Havant, Hampshire, PO9

County: Hampshire

District: Havant

Electoral Ward/Division: St Faith's

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Havant

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Havant St Faith

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Tagged with: Architectural structure

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Description


SU 7106 HOMEWELL
(South, off)
100/10/20001
No.18
Homewell Parchment Works

GV II


Alternatively known as: The Parchment Industrial Buildings, THE PARCHMENT.

Parchment making works. From late C18 or early C19, to late C19. Mainly brick with slate roofs, and weatherboarded and corrugated-iron clad timber frame. Buildings are arranged around a drying yard:-

[a] to the NE of yard: Hanging and Liming Lofts, over former treatment tanks. Circa mid C19. Brick with gable-ended slate roofs. Used for initial stages of parchment making, still has 2 skin soaking tanks [filled in] fed from the stream. The skins were limed on first floor and hung on the second floor which is slatted and has louvred windows for ventilation. The north gable has an oculus.

[b] on NE corner of site: Treatment Shed with tanks and storage loft above. Circa late C19. Weatherboarded timber frame, gabled slate roofs. At least 17 soaking tanks on ground floor, fed from stream which passes through SE corner of building. First floor was probably used for storing lime used in the initial and finishing stages of the process.

[c] flanking E of entrance: Former office and store. Circa late C18/ early C19. Brick with 2-span slate gable-ended roof. Originally single storey and possibly the gatehouse or office. Raised to 2 storeys in mid C19 and extended on north side in early C20.

[d] on SE side of yard: Skin processing range. Early-mid C19. Long 2-storey brick range with slate roof. Probably used in the intermediate stages of parchment making, removing fat from the skins, and splitting the skins, the outer skin being used for leather. Had low ceilings, but first floor has been removed. At south end circa early-mid C19 single storey range where the final stages of process were carried out before drying, removal of grease by applying whiting and soda and allowing to dry.

[e] SE end of yard: Scalding range. Circa mid C19. Weatherboarded. Used for heating water and scalding skins before drying. Has 2 parallel drainage channels in floor.

[f] on SW side of yard: Drying Shed. Circa late C18 or early C19. Weatherboarded and corrugated-iron clad timber frame with corrugated iron gable-ended roof . Long range, originally open on east side to drying yard. The roof has been raised and the floor structure lowered.

[g] on W side of yard: Drying Chamber. Circa late C18 or early C19. Brick with hipped state roof. Had kiln for drying finished parchment during damp weather. 2 of the 4 bays have smoke-blackened plaster hood. Floor removed. Wide doorway to east facing yard.

[h] flanking E of entrance: Warehouse. Circa 1847-1866 [map evidence]. Brick. Gable end facing entrance has horizontally pivoting windows with cambered arches and loading door on first floor. Later outshut on the north side.

HISTORY: Homewell Parchment Works was owned by the Stallard family until its closure in 1936. It was the last parchment works to close in Havant. The parchment works remain remarkably complete with most of the component buildings of the parchment making process surviving intact. (SOURCE: RCHME: Report: August 1997-:)


Listing NGR: SU7201705467

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