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One gas street lamp

A Grade II Listed Building in Great Malvern, Worcestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.1202 / 52°7'12"N

Longitude: -2.3353 / 2°20'7"W

OS Eastings: 377139

OS Northings: 246926

OS Grid: SO771469

Mapcode National: GBR 0FM.4D9

Mapcode Global: VH92Y.GZS1

Entry Name: One gas street lamp

Listing Date: 7 November 2001

Last Amended: 1 February 2013

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1389559

English Heritage Legacy ID: 488245

Location: Malvern, Malvern Hills, Worcestershire, WR14

County: Worcestershire

District: Malvern Hills

Civil Parish: Malvern

Built-Up Area: Great Malvern

Traditional County: Worcestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Worcestershire

Church of England Parish: Malvern The Holy Trinity

Church of England Diocese: Worcester

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Summary


A C19 gas street lamp, by Hattersley and Company.

Description

The lamp is constructed of cast iron with a Windsor lantern. The tapering lantern is supported on four scrolled brackets, set on a tapering, octagonal column with a heavily-moulded octagonal ring. The lamp has a moulded base set on an octagonal plinth with ogee stops; the plinth is cast with the founder's mark. The ladder rest has slender, circular arms with moulded knop finials.

History

In 1851, permission was given for the building of a gas works at Sherrards Green in Malvern, the first to be built in the town. It opened in 1856, with the capacity to serve around 500 houses in the vicinity, as well as 200 street lamps. Further gas plants were opened around the town, and eventually all of Malvern, even remote locations, was provided with gas street lighting. In 1872, a lamplighter was paid 14s a week to light the lamps each evening. In total there were around 250 lamps, of which around 100 are still lit by gas, with a hand-wound clockwork mechanism to light them automatically. A further 125 have been converted to electric lighting; there are some replica lamp posts, and a few have been tapped off or lost entirely. The lamps were cast by a number of foundries, many of which were local, others much further afield, including Sheffield and Manchester. The lanterns were supplied by William Sugg & Company which was founded in London in 1837 to provide elements for gas lighting, and Foster and Pullen Ltd of Bradford.

The gas street lamp on the south side of North Malvern Road was manufactured by Hattersley and Company of Sheffield and installed in the C19.

Reasons for Listing

The C19 gas street lamp in North Malvern Quarries car park, North Malvern Road is designated at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Design quality: the lamp standard is well cast and there is a neatly-detailed Windsor lantern;
* Technological: it illustrates a technology which once transformed everyday existence;
* Historic interest: as part of an extensive network of similar gas-lit street lamps which survive across Malvern.

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