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War Memorial at Westow Street

A Grade II Listed Building in Upper Norwood, London

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4177 / 51°25'3"N

Longitude: -0.0821 / 0°4'55"W

OS Eastings: 533460

OS Northings: 170484

OS Grid: TQ334704

Mapcode National: GBR HN.FYX

Mapcode Global: VHGRD.JMGK

Entry Name: War Memorial at Westow Street

Listing Date: 27 February 2017

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1442618

Location: Croydon, London, SE19

County: London

District: Croydon

Electoral Ward/Division: Upper Norwood

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Croydon

Traditional County: Surrey

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: All Saints with St Margaret, Upper Norwood

Church of England Diocese: Southwark

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Summary

First and Second World War memorial in the form of a stone pillar on a pedestal.

Description

A tall pillar made of Portland stone resting on a plinth which in turn rests on a stone base. The top of the pillar features decorated carvings of a cross between spiral elements. The front face bears the inscription: TO THE / MEMORY / OF THE MEN / OF UPPER / NORWOOD / WHO GAVE / THEIR LIVES IN / THE GREAT WAR / 1914 - 1918 / --- / ALSO / COMMEMORATING / ALL THOSE / WHO DIED IN THE / 1939 - 1945 / WAR. Below this, on the plinth, is the inscription: AS A LASTING MEMORIAL / AN ENDOWMENT FOR THE NORWOOD / COTTAGE HOSPITAL WAS PROVIDED / AND THIS MONUMENT ERECTED. Below this in lower case italic is the (badly eroded) inscription: For their country they died / in [illegible] memory they live.

History

The aftermath of the World Wars saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across the country. One such memorial was raised in Upper Norwood as a permanent testament to the sacrifices made by the members of the local community. It was designed by W B Fagan and unveiled on 29 April 1922 in a ceremony attended by Lord Mayor of London Sir William Treloar, 1st Baronet and Canon W B Taylor. An inscription was added after the Second World War for those who fell in that conflict.

Reasons for Listing

The War Memorial at Westow Street, Upper Norwood is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on the local community, and the sacrifices they made in the First and Second World Wars;
* Architectural Interest: a well executed and imposing Portland stone pillar war memorial;
* Group value: with the Church of St Andrew (Grade II).

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