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Pencombe War Memorial

A Grade II Listed Building in Pencombe with Grendon Warren, County of Herefordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.1717 / 52°10'17"N

Longitude: -2.5872 / 2°35'13"W

OS Eastings: 359941

OS Northings: 252762

OS Grid: SO599527

Mapcode National: GBR FR.58W2

Mapcode Global: VH855.3PM2

Entry Name: Pencombe War Memorial

Listing Date: 20 February 2019

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1462265

Location: Pencombe with Grendon Warren, County of Herefordshire, HR7

County: County of Herefordshire

Civil Parish: Pencombe with Grendon Warren

Traditional County: Herefordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Herefordshire

Summary


A First World War memorial, erected probably in the 1920s.

Description

A First World War memorial, erected probably in the 1920s.

DESCRIPTION
The memorial takes the form of a stone, capped Latin cross with tapering octagonal shaft on which is a relief carving of the sword of sacrifice. It stands on a substantial two-tier octagonal plinth with a large square base, which is set flush with the ground. The main inscription is on the front face of the plinth and reads: LEST WE FORGET/ (4 NAMES)/ MAY THEY REST IN PEACE/.

History

The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead: therefore the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss.

One such memorial was raised at Pencombe as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by four members of the local community who lost their lives in the First World War. It was built to the Cross of Sacrifice design which was devised in 1919 by Sir Reginald Blomfield (1856-1942) for war cemeteries abroad, although it was also widely adopted in Britain. It is not known exactly when the war memorial was erected, but it is marked on the Ordnance Survey map of 1926.

Reasons for Listing

Pencombe War Memorial is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

Historic interest:
* as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this local community, and the sacrifice it has made in the conflicts of the C20.

Architectural interest:
* a well-executed Latin cross with a sword of sacrifice, loosely derived from the architect Sir Reginald Blomfield’s ‘Cross of Sacrifice’ for the Imperial (now Commonwealth) War Graves Commission.

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