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56 Marischal Street

A Category C Listed Building in Aberdeen, Aberdeen

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Coordinates

Latitude: 57.1466 / 57°8'47"N

Longitude: -2.092 / 2°5'31"W

OS Eastings: 394532

OS Northings: 806188

OS Grid: NJ945061

Mapcode National: GBR SDB.C4

Mapcode Global: WH9QQ.VM0R

Entry Name: 56 Marischal Street

Listing Date: 12 January 1967

Category: C

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 355266

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB20442

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Aberdeen

County: Aberdeen

Town: Aberdeen

Electoral Ward: George St/Harbour

Traditional County: Aberdeenshire

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Description

Circa 1789-1821. Symmetrical 2-storey, 3-bay townhouse situated on sloping site. Grey granite ashlar with eaves band. Slightly recessed doorway to central bay with timber panelled door and rectangular fanlight above. Pair of tripartite canted piended dormers. 4-storey to rear (W) elevation with irregular fenestration.

12-pane timber sash and case windows. Grey slate. Red brick stack to left gable with granite ashlar facing. Clay cans. Recessed cast-iron rainwater goods.

Statement of Interest

The simple Classical styling of No 56 forms an integral part of Marischal Street's lengthy run, contributing to its refined character. No 56 was built between 1789 (Alexander Milne's map of that year shows earlier buildings on Virginia Street below) and 1821 where it can be seen on John Wood's map of that year.

Marischal Street (designed by William Law, 1767) is of great historic interest in terms of the early development of Classical Aberdeen. Formed on the site of the Earl Marischal's lodging and linking Castlegate with the Harbour below, Marischal Street is carried on embankments down a partly vaulted incline. It is the earliest example of this type of construction in Aberdeen, anticipating the larger scale development of Union Street and Edinburgh's South Bridge by 20 years. Originally having a fine granite bridge half way down, this was demolished and replaced in 1983 along with adjacent Nos 36-40 and 37-39 to allow the widening of Virginia Street below.

The buildings occupying the Southern half of the street are attributed to William Smith (d.1812), father of John Smith (the renowned Aberdeen architect - b.1781) and are generally grander and more varied. The street as a whole retains much of its original character despite the gradual move from domestic to commercial ownership throughout 19th century. It is thought to be the first street in Aberdeen paved with square granite sets.

Part of A Group with 3-60 (Inclusive Nos) Marischal Street.

Category changed from B to C(S), 2007.

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