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Latitude: 55.6173 / 55°37'2"N
Longitude: -2.8089 / 2°48'32"W
OS Eastings: 349148
OS Northings: 636266
OS Grid: NT491362
Mapcode National: GBR 83TH.N5
Mapcode Global: WH7WN.T2LJ
Plus Code: 9C7VJ58R+WC
Entry Name: Bank Of Scotland, 3-7 Channel Street, Galashiels
Listing Name: 3, 5, 7 Channel Street, Bank of Scotland
Listing Date: 24 May 1979
Source: Historic Scotland
Source ID: 373392
Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB31995
Building Class: Cultural
County: Scottish Borders
Electoral Ward: Galashiels and District
Traditional County: Selkirkshire
Peddie and Kinnear, 1864. 3-storey, 3-bay, rectangular-plan symmetrical classical palazzo-style bank. Squared whinstone to front and sides, whin rubble to rear. Ashlar sandstone dressings. Base course, sill course, moulded eaves band course. Segmental-headed openings to ground floor. Chamfered surrounds. Flat-roofed extensions to rear.
FRONT (SW) ELEVATION: consoled and canopied central door. Bipartite windows flanking single central openings to all floors. Recessed extensions to either side; ashlar single-storey to left, whinstone to right with fully-glazed upper floor and piended roof.
4-pane timber sash and case windows. Plate-glass fixed lights to ground floor. Multi-pane windows to rear. Shallow-pitch piended slate roof. Rendered shouldered and corniced wall-head stacks. Cast iron rainwater goods with decorative brackets to moulded gutter.
INTERIOR: largely modernised. Timber stair with cast iron balusters to upper level, some original joinery and decorative plaster cornices.
The Bank of Scotland premises in Channel Street, as well as being a fine composition by one of Scotland's most successful architectural practises, is one of the first of the more formal later 19th century buildings in the street and makes a significant contribution to the streetscape, situated as it is on a very prominent site close to the junction of High Street and Channel Street. The building and its close neighbour, the Post Office, form a pair of buildings which help to illustrate the success and growth of Galashiels through the second half of the 19th century.
Peddie and Kinnear were one of the most prominent, prolific and successful architectural practices in Scotland in the mid-later 19th century. Banks were something of a specialty for the practice; from the late 1850s they handled all of the architectural work of the Bank of Scotland, as well as completing a large number of premises for the Royal Bank of Scotland. Typically, the Bank of Scotland premises tended to be somewhat plainer than those of the Royal Bank. Here, the use of locally available whin is notable and sets this building apart from the norm.
This bank replaced an earlier branch at the head of High Street (Nos 14-20). Initially, this building was rectangular-plan with small recessed wings to either side. These were extended to the front through the 20th century and that to the right raised. An extension was added to the rear in the mid 20th century.
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