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Bank Of Scotland, 3-7 Channel Street, Galashiels

A Category C Listed Building in Galashiels, Scottish Borders

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.6173 / 55°37'2"N

Longitude: -2.8089 / 2°48'32"W

OS Eastings: 349148

OS Northings: 636266

OS Grid: NT491362

Mapcode National: GBR 83TH.N5

Mapcode Global: WH7WN.T2LJ

Plus Code: 9C7VJ58R+WC

Entry Name: Bank Of Scotland, 3-7 Channel Street, Galashiels

Listing Name: 3, 5, 7 Channel Street, Bank of Scotland

Listing Date: 24 May 1979

Category: C

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 373392

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB31995

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Galashiels

County: Scottish Borders

Town: Galashiels

Electoral Ward: Galashiels and District

Traditional County: Selkirkshire

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Description

Peddie and Kinnear, 1864. 3-storey, 3-bay, rectangular-plan symmetrical classical palazzo-style bank. Squared whinstone to front and sides, whin rubble to rear. Ashlar sandstone dressings. Base course, sill course, moulded eaves band course. Segmental-headed openings to ground floor. Chamfered surrounds. Flat-roofed extensions to rear.

FRONT (SW) ELEVATION: consoled and canopied central door. Bipartite windows flanking single central openings to all floors. Recessed extensions to either side; ashlar single-storey to left, whinstone to right with fully-glazed upper floor and piended roof.

4-pane timber sash and case windows. Plate-glass fixed lights to ground floor. Multi-pane windows to rear. Shallow-pitch piended slate roof. Rendered shouldered and corniced wall-head stacks. Cast iron rainwater goods with decorative brackets to moulded gutter.

INTERIOR: largely modernised. Timber stair with cast iron balusters to upper level, some original joinery and decorative plaster cornices.

Statement of Interest

The Bank of Scotland premises in Channel Street, as well as being a fine composition by one of Scotland's most successful architectural practises, is one of the first of the more formal later 19th century buildings in the street and makes a significant contribution to the streetscape, situated as it is on a very prominent site close to the junction of High Street and Channel Street. The building and its close neighbour, the Post Office, form a pair of buildings which help to illustrate the success and growth of Galashiels through the second half of the 19th century.

Peddie and Kinnear were one of the most prominent, prolific and successful architectural practices in Scotland in the mid-later 19th century. Banks were something of a specialty for the practice; from the late 1850s they handled all of the architectural work of the Bank of Scotland, as well as completing a large number of premises for the Royal Bank of Scotland. Typically, the Bank of Scotland premises tended to be somewhat plainer than those of the Royal Bank. Here, the use of locally available whin is notable and sets this building apart from the norm.

This bank replaced an earlier branch at the head of High Street (Nos 14-20). Initially, this building was rectangular-plan with small recessed wings to either side. These were extended to the front through the 20th century and that to the right raised. An extension was added to the rear in the mid 20th century.

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