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Cross in churchyard of St Mary's Church

A Grade II* Listed Building in Derwen, Denbighshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0456 / 53°2'44"N

Longitude: -3.3883 / 3°23'17"W

OS Eastings: 307025

OS Northings: 350716

OS Grid: SJ070507

Mapcode National: GBR 6N.D5G0

Mapcode Global: WH77M.XQP1

Entry Name: Cross in churchyard of St Mary's Church

Listing Date: 19 July 1966

Last Amended: 30 October 2000

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 726

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: Opposite the south porch of St Mary's Church.

County: Denbighshire

Community: Derwen

Community: Derwen

Traditional County: Denbighshire

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History

A pre-Reformation cross in late Gothic style, much of the detail eroded. It clearly belongs, with the main features of the church itself, to a late C15 or early C16 period in which Derwen enjoyed enhanced patronage. It was specified as early as 1914 by the Royal Commission as 'a monument especially worthy of preservation'.

The lack of a foot moulding to the shaft may suggest it has been shortened; the pedestal may not be contemporary with the shaft and the steps are restored or repaired. Because of the evident rise in level of the adjacent ground the monument must have been re-erected at least once.

Exterior

A fine churchyard cross or pillar, with a sculptured head; the top of the finial missing. The shaft is oblong, standing on a plain pedestal with spurred corners and two plinth steps. The arrisses of the shaft are chamfered and carry raised flowers and crowned heads at intervals. There is a sculptured band beneath the head.

The top has single niches at north and south and double niches at east and west, beneath ogee canopies. The images in the niches are now very worn, and have been variously interpreted; the unifying theme is perhaps the Virgin, appropriately to the dedication of the church. To the west is the Crucifixion, with St John and the Virgin. To the east perhaps the Coronation of the Virgin, otherwise interpreted as Piety or as the Father in Glory, and to north a much weathered carving, probably the Virgin and Child. To the south is a figure apparently not conforming to the iconography of the Virgin, namely an angel with scales; perhaps St Michael representing the Last Judgement, or a representation of Justice.

Reasons for Listing

Listed at Grade II* as a fine example of late pre-Reformation stonecarving.

Scheduled Ancient Monument DE162.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Church House
    At the west side of St Mary's churchyard in the village of Derwen.
  • II Sundial in churchyard of St Mary's Church
    To the south of the church and west of Church House, close to the churchyard wall.
  • I St Mary's Church
    At the centre of the village of Derwen.
  • II Nant Morfydd
    ½ km south west of Derwen church, off the lane leading to Glyn Mawr; parallel C19 farm buildings ran
  • II Coed-y-foel
    ½ km south east of Derwen Church.
  • II Former Miller's House at Melin Meiarth
    Near remains of Meiarth Mill, beside the River Clwyd to the west of Bryn Saith Marchog.
  • II Meyarth Hall
    On high ground to the west of Bryn Saith Marchog, north of the road to Melin y wig.
  • II Ffynnon Sara
    1 km north west of Derwen church, in as small roadside enclosure with perimeter wall and gate.

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