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Gwana Fawr

A Grade II Listed Building in Dolgellau, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.7332 / 52°43'59"N

Longitude: -3.8213 / 3°49'16"W

OS Eastings: 277118

OS Northings: 316619

OS Grid: SH771166

Mapcode National: GBR 93.0XFG

Mapcode Global: WH67V.8KLH

Plus Code: 9C4RP5MH+7F

Entry Name: Gwana Fawr

Listing Date: 17 June 1966

Last Amended: 26 May 1995

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 4715

Building Class: Domestic

Location: Located on a rise some 4.2km S of Brithdir to the S of the A470; accessed via an unmetalled track.

County: Gwynedd

Community: Brithdir and Llanfachreth (Brithdir a Llanfachreth)

Community: Brithdir and Llanfachreth

Locality: Gwanas

Traditional County: Merionethshire

Find accommodation in
Dolgellau

History

Early Medieval grange of the Knights Hospitallers based at Ysbyty Ifan; mentioned in 1284 though apparently tenanted by the early C16. The porch to the former chapel survives in part, re-located to Gwanas farm; otherwise the present buildings are predominantly post-Dissolution. A pair of crucks from a former open hall survives within the present house and is probably late Medieval. The present house is a mid/third-quarter C16 storeyed range which was added at right-angles to the primary hall range. The latter was almost entirely rebuilt during a substantial intervention c. 1722 (the date appears within); later cart-shedand dairy additions. The house was extensively modernised some 25 years ago.

Exterior

Rubble construction, part boulder-built with modern slate roofs; modern doors and windows throughout. Principally of one-and-a-half storeys and roughly S-plan. Main (W) front with near-central entrance and flanking windows; 3 hipped dormers above and rebuilt chimney to the L. Modern extensions to the rear and a further, modern dormer, hipped as before. The E wing (mid/late C16) has its primary entrance to the N. This is a chamfered round-arched entrance with deeply recessed boarded door. Reduced window to L and a small squint-light to the R. Rebuilt dormers above, as before and to the rear, a further dormer and a glazed door leading to a modern patio. Gable end chimney to E with moulded capping; contemporary square stair-light to R with chamfered reveals and projecting stone lintel. Modern lean-to extensions beyond. Single-storey dairy range attached to S with external stepped access to attic and to N of the W range, a continuously-roofed former cart shed; 2 openings.

Interior

One cruck truss survives in the upper floor of the W range with evidence for former windbracing. Stopped-chamfered main beams to ground floor ceiling, that to the S bearing carved initials D L K and date 1722. Broach-stopped chamfered beams to E range and plain-stopped lintels to N window and to a large end fireplace; this with stone mural corkscrew stair to R.

Reasons for Listing

Included notwithstanding modernisation as a sub-Medieval house with fragmentary Medieval core and for the historical importance of the site as a former Hospitaller grange.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Barn at Gwanas Fawr
    Immediately to the E of Gwanas Fawr, facing the house.
  • II Pont Gwanas (partly in Dolgellau Community)
    Spanning the Afon Clywedog immediately N of the new road bridge on the course of the former road.
  • II Gwanas Farmhouse including attached Byre Range
    Located off the A 470 about 4 km S of Brithdir; accessed via a farm track leading W from the Caerynwch lane.
  • II Pont Gwanas
    On the loop of old road cut off by the new bridge to the North of the Cross Foxes Inn.
  • II The Cross Foxes Inn
    Prominently situated in open country at the Junction of the A487 to Machynlleth with the A470.
  • II Tyddyn Llwyn Farmhouse
    Located 3.5 Km S of Brithdir, to the E of a lane running S from the B4416 to the A 470; accessed via a gated farm track.
  • II* Plas Hen
    Located some 2km SW of Brithdir immediately to the E of a narrow lane linking the B 4416 with the A 470; raised above the lane and built into the bank of a hill. Also called 'Old Caerynwch'.
  • II Caerynwch
    Located in its own park 2km SE of Brithdir in a hollow facing the Afon Clywedog; at the end of a long drive running S from the Pont ar Ddibin.

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