History in Structure

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Cefn-ydfa farmhouse and adjoining ruins.

A Grade II Listed Building in Llangynwyd Lower (Llangynwyd - Isaf), Bridgend

We don't have any photos of this building yet. Why don't you be the first to send us one?

Upload Photo »

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »

Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5673 / 51°34'2"N

Longitude: -3.6207 / 3°37'14"W

OS Eastings: 287761

OS Northings: 186622

OS Grid: SS877866

Mapcode National: GBR HB.DHZ4

Mapcode Global: VH5H4.6V6X

Entry Name: Cefn-ydfa farmhouse and adjoining ruins.

Listing Date: 6 June 1952

Last Amended: 23 October 1998

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 11218

Building Class: Domestic

Location: The house stands on a platform site, on the NE slope of Mynnydd Baiden, and is reached by a long driveway from the A4063 between the Shwt turn and the Bridgend Paper Mills.

County: Bridgend

Town: Llangynwyd Middle

Community: Llangynwyd Lower (Llangynwyd - Isaf)

Community: Llangynwyd Lower

Locality: Cefn-ydfa

Traditional County: Glamorgan

Find accommodation in
Bettws

History

The lands around Cefn-ydfa appear to have originally been a possession of Margam Abbey. There is an extant list of occupants from c.1450.

The original core of the farmhouse, at one time known as Cefn-y-gndfa, consists of a single bay gable-stack structure with a rear service wing, all of c.1600. This was extended to the W c.1625 by a 2-bay structure, further extended by another bay incorporating an axial double-sided stack, perhaps replacing an earlier gable stack, in the early-mid C18. At the same time the house was greatly enlarged to the E as a gentry house, built by Anthony Maddocks Jnr, son of Anthony Maddocks of Cwm Risca, farm about 2 mls away. He was a well-connected lawyer of a family of renowned lawyers who claimed descent from Prince Madog of Wales. Anthony jnr, also a lawyer, came into the property by marriage to the reluctant Ann Thomas (1704-1727), heiress of the property, who had already formed an attachment to a local tiler-plasterer, Will Hopcyn, who was an attractive local rhymster and bard. Ann, who was unable to forego her passion, was for a time imprisoned in the basement of the house, smuggling out love notes on sycamore leaves. Later, Wil heard that Maddocks was dead and returned from exile, finding Ann on her deathbed. He composed one of the most renowned of Welsh love songs 'Bugeilo'r gwenith gwyn' as a result. The facts of the story have at times been disputed, but the story of the 'maid of Cefn-ydfa' has become famous in folklore, generating numerous books and a film. The house was occupied in the early C19 by William Jones, first company secretary of the Duffryn Llynvi and Porthcawl Railway when the house became for a while the company office. It was partially demolished in the 1850s. Recent alterations.

Exterior

The present house is of stone, rendered, with a slate roof. Two storeys, 4 bays. Wide oak front door set near the centre, formerly the mid C17 service hall. Four bays of irregularly placed mid C20 small-paned oak casement windows to both floors under timber lintels. A kitchen outshut is attached to the rear, late C19 or C20. Gable stacks, and a primary off-centre stack. The C18 house developed to the E now survives only as as low walls, terminating in a substantial partly-walled bay of the former E end, displaying internal fireplace and openings. It formerly was of 2 storeys with attics, five bays, and lit by 5 gabled dormers.

Interior

The present house has large widely spaced chamfered cross beams, without end stops. The fireplace to the secondary end bay has been altered, and includes two side ovens from the period when it served as a kitchen. Segmental rubble arch over. This bay was opened into the main central bay c.1974. This has a stone axial fireplace, with the stair on its north side, and chamfered ceiling beams and subsidiary joists with pyramid stops, not now visible. The room was originally sub-divided to form an inner room. Recently introduced C19 Carrara marble fireplace.

Reasons for Listing

Included as a building retaining early-mid C17 fabric, but largely for its powerful historical and romantic associations.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Ty Isaf
    Situated near the SW boundary of the community on the hillside above the Llynfi Valley near the hamlet of Shwt, down a farm track off the rural lane linking the early farmsteads of this area.
  • II Pont-y-rhyd-ddu (partly in Garw Valley community)
    The bridge carries the road to Shwt, Bettws and Llangeinor across the Afon Llyvni, near the road junction with the A4063.
  • II Gelli-siriol farmhouse
    The large farmhouse is set on a platform site above the Afon Llynfi valley, and is reached by a long farm track leading E off the A4063 Bridgend Road approximately 750m S of Pont-rhyd-y-cyff crossroad
  • II Walls flanking the inclined plane joining the Bettws tramway to the DLP Railway.
    The inclined plane rises from near road level at a steep angle to join the former Duffryn Llynvi and Porthcawl Railway on the W side of the valley, half-way between Nicholls Road and the Shwt turning
  • II Nicholls Arms PH
    The building stands on a steeply sloping corner site, facing the minor Nicholls Road running W off the main A4063 Maesteg to Bridgend Road.
  • II Tyle-coch
    Approximately 1.5 km NW of Bettws and 2 km SE of Llangynwyd, down a short farm track off an old country lane linking a number of early farmsteads.
  • II Abutments to overbridge/ loading bay on the former Duffryn Llynvi and Porthcawl Railway
    The section of the former tramway extends from above Rock-fawr for approximately 180m to the N, and includes the retaining walls and embankments of the loading bay/ overbridge.
  • II Cildeudy tunnel
    The tunnel runs under the Cildeudy Road immediately W of its junction with the main A4063 Maesteg Road, at the S end of Goetre-hen.

BritishListedBuildings.co.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact BritishListedBuildings.co.uk for any queries related to any individual listed building, planning permission related to listed buildings or the listing process itself.

British Listed Buildings is a Good Stuff website.