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Tyle-coch

A Grade II Listed Building in Garw Valley (Cwm Garw), Bridgend

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5759 / 51°34'33"N

Longitude: -3.6024 / 3°36'8"W

OS Eastings: 289052

OS Northings: 187552

OS Grid: SS890875

Mapcode National: GBR HC.CW0Y

Mapcode Global: VH5H4.HNX9

Entry Name: Tyle-coch

Listing Date: 20 July 1994

Last Amended: 30 July 1997

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 14559

Building Class: Domestic

Location: Approximately 1.5 km NW of Bettws and 2 km SE of Llangynwyd, down a short farm track off an old country lane linking a number of early farmsteads.

County: Bridgend

Community: Garw Valley (Cwm Garw)

Community: Garw Valley

Locality: Bettws

Traditional County: Glamorgan

Find accommodation in
Bettws

History

Late C16 house with detailing suggesting gentry status but also some earlier C17 modifications. Tyle Coch was the home of Hywel ap Gwilym who married into a Welsh gentry family. Some alteration to windows C20.

Exterior

Two-storey and attic, stone-built and slate-roofed house of L-shaped plan formed of a main range and a parlour wing. The rubble elevations have flaking limewash. Long 3-window front to south which formerly had a storeyed porch and although many of the old openings are retained there are modern windows and broken Tudor hoodmoulds; blocked windows to left of the entrance and to right end; replaced brick ridge stack; off-centre 4-centred arch dressed-stone doorway with hour-glass stops. Three-window right hand wing includes the gable end of the front range which has 3-light casement windows to ground and first floors and a 2-light mullioned window to the attic with hoodmould; square-headed doorway that is now the main entrance. To right is a small first floor window with hollow-chamfered surround, a 2-light casement with voussoirs on ground floor and a modern window in a blocked door to right. Later barn to right is joined to the house at the north-east corner. At the rear, at the junction of the parlour wing and the main range, the masonry is curiously cut back below the central chimney; one rear window on each floor to parlour wing. The back of the main range has lean-to with corrugated iron roof; doorway at right end. West gable end, now reinforced with breeze blocks, has loft door.

Interior

The plan form is of lobby entry although the present entrance is now to E onto a passage created at the junction between main range and parlour wing. Ground floor beamed ceilings with chamfered joists are mostly concealed and the dressed stone fireplaces blocked or altered; deep window splays. At end of passage is a broad winding pillar stairs, lit at base by a splayed window. On the first floor the room over the former kitchen to W is stepped up while a corridor gives access to rooms over hall and parlour. Main room is that over parlour and has the most elborate detail with 4 chamfered and stopped beams; pegged and collared roof trusses of 3 bays to each part. Doorways have dressed stone pointed arched doorways with fine hour-glass stops; these are a regional feature and not uncommon, but it is unusual to have 3 in one building. Kitchen at N end has a separate external access and retains its fine sub-medieval ceiling with both diagonal and round stopped beams, with former partition for pantry.

Reasons for Listing

Listed for its special interest as a sub-medieval building that retains the unusually fine interior detailing of a Glamorganshire gentry house.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Small Tramroad bridge over Nant Cedfyw, Shwt
    Situated at the confluence of the two streams in Cwm Cedfyw. Reached via a long track following the line of the old tramway, N of the farmstead of Shwt Uchaf and in the cwm E of Tyle-coch.
  • II Ty Isaf
    Situated near the SW boundary of the community on the hillside above the Llynfi Valley near the hamlet of Shwt, down a farm track off the rural lane linking the early farmsteads of this area.
  • II Pont-y-rhyd-ddu (partly in Garw Valley community)
    The bridge carries the road to Shwt, Bettws and Llangeinor across the Afon Llyvni, near the road junction with the A4063.
  • I Church of St David, Bettws
    Situated on the hilltop at the centre of the village which became the core of a post-war estate development.
  • II Gelli-siriol farmhouse
    The large farmhouse is set on a platform site above the Afon Llynfi valley, and is reached by a long farm track leading E off the A4063 Bridgend Road approximately 750m S of Pont-rhyd-y-cyff crossroad
  • II Walls flanking the inclined plane joining the Bettws tramway to the DLP Railway.
    The inclined plane rises from near road level at a steep angle to join the former Duffryn Llynvi and Porthcawl Railway on the W side of the valley, half-way between Nicholls Road and the Shwt turning
  • II Cefn-ydfa farmhouse and adjoining ruins.
    The house stands on a platform site, on the NE slope of Mynnydd Baiden, and is reached by a long driveway from the A4063 between the Shwt turn and the Bridgend Paper Mills.

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