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Church of St. Senwyr

A Grade I Listed Building in Penllyn, Vale of Glamorgan

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4876 / 51°29'15"N

Longitude: -3.4508 / 3°27'2"W

OS Eastings: 299367

OS Northings: 177509

OS Grid: SS993775

Mapcode National: GBR HK.KJQN

Mapcode Global: VH6F2.4WL0

Entry Name: Church of St. Senwyr

Listing Date: 22 February 1963

Last Amended: 30 April 2004

Grade: I

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 13162

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: In the centre of Llansannor village about 4 km north of Cowbridge.

County: Vale of Glamorgan

Town: Cowbridge

Community: Penllyn (Pen-llin)

Community: Penllyn

Locality: Llansannor

Traditional County: Glamorgan

Find accommodation in
Ystradowen

History

Probably late C13 origin with the nave and chancel of different dates; the east window and the opposed north and south doors are the main clues. The south porch is an addition of probably the early C16. The small tower could be wholly C17, certainly the top would appear to be. The porch and tower could well coincide in date with the major building programmes at the adjoining Llansannor Court (qv). Victorian restoration of unknown date and hand, with furnishings of 1910 and 1926. The church has been little altered since.

Exterior

Built of local limestone rubble, but in several different manners, random on the nave, roughly coursed on the tower and chancel and coursed and squared on the porch. Some dressed quoins, particularly on the chancel where they appear Victorian, some Bath stone windows, Welsh slate roofs. Nave, chancel, south porch, narrow west tower with gable to each face, lean-to boiler house in north angle between tower and nave.
The nave has a tall gabled porch centrally on the south wall. This has a 4-centred Tudor arch with dripmould over, a coped gable with apex cross and blind returns. The porch is flanked on the left by a 2-light and on the right by a 3-light square headed Perpendicular window. The north wall has a 3-light one and the projection for the rood-stair. All these windows appear Victorian. Coped east and west gables.
The chancel has a 2-light C17 window on the south side, then a priest's door, then a rectangular single light window, double tre-foiled lancet east window, single light window on north wall. Coped east gable with cross, the roofline is the same as the nave.
Narrow 3-stage tower added over the west end. Pointed arch door to ground, two small windows to ringing chamber and louvred openings to each face for the bell-chamber. Cross-gabled roof with weathervane.

Interior

The interior is plastered and painted apart from the Victorian ashlar dressings. Blocked west window over small tower arch, these predate the tower. Blocked north door. Rood stair with lower and upper doors. Very fine 4-bay C15 timber arch-braced collar-beam roof with three tiers of curved windbraces. A longitudinal collar-purlin runs from the chancel arch to the west wall joining each collar. Probably C14 tub font. Mainly Victorian furnishings, splayed chancel arch and close boarded chancel roof, but the pulpit and choir stalls are 1910 and the reredos is 1926 by F E Howard. The main door is dated 1674. Exceptionally fine and complete late C14 armoured knight effigy in chancel, resited on the Victorian tiled floor. There are several good C18 and early C19 wall monuments in the nave.

Reasons for Listing

Included and highly graded as a medieval church retaining a number of special features, particularly the nave roof.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Cross in Churchyard of Church of St. Senwyr
    About 10m south of the south porch of Church of St. Senwyr.
  • II The Cottage
    About 20m north of Church of St. Senwyr.
  • I Llansannor Court
    In the centre of Llansannor village beside the Church of St. Senwyr.
  • II West Wing of Llansannor Court
    Attached to Llansannor Court on the west side.
  • II Former Cartshed and Granary at Court Farm
    Court Farm lies to east of Llansannor Court; the cartshed and granary is stepped down to north of the barn and is situated on the west side of the farmyard. Reached approximately 4km north of Cowbrid
  • II Barn at Court Farm
    Court Farm lies to east of Llansannor Court; the barn is situated on the west side of the farmyard with the former Granary and Cartshed attached on the right. Reached approximately 4km north of Cowbr
  • II The Old Rectory
    On the northern side of the community and about 1 km north of Llansannor village at the centre of City.
  • II Llansannor House
    On the northern side of the community and about 2 km north of Penllyn village reached off the north side of the road to City.

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