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Latitude: 53.2929 / 53°17'34"N
Longitude: -3.683 / 3°40'58"W
OS Eastings: 287920
OS Northings: 378649
OS Grid: SH879786
Mapcode National: GBR 2ZQC.G9
Mapcode Global: WH656.DHGF
Plus Code: 9C5R78V8+5R
Entry Name: Western Portal of Penmaen Rhos Railway Tunnel
Listing Date: 9 September 1994
Last Amended: 9 September 1994
Source ID: 14862
Building Class: Domestic
Location: At the western mouth of the railway tunnel.
Community: Old Colwyn (Hen Golwyn)
Community: Old Colwyn
Built-Up Area: Colwyn Bay
Traditional County: Denbighshire
The Chester to Holyhed Railway was proposed to improve links between London and Dublin, with George Stephenson as engineer, Francis Thompson as architect. Work began in 1845 and the line was opened as far as Bangor in 1848. The 486 yard Penmaen Rhos Tunnel was bored through limestone.
White limestone, ashlar over arch, rusticated to terminal piers, and coursed and squared to parapet. Shallow segmental arch with stepped moulded cornice over, between terminal turretted piers, which are rectangular in section, and have machicoated embattled heads.
A distinctive example of railway architecture, dating from the original period of
construction of the line and probably designed by Stephenson or Thompson.
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