History in Structure

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Former Bridgend Tramroad bridge over Nant Cynffig

A Grade II Listed Building in Newcastle Higher (Y Castellnewydd), Bridgend

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5397 / 51°32'23"N

Longitude: -3.6083 / 3°36'29"W

OS Eastings: 288558

OS Northings: 183541

OS Grid: SS885835

Mapcode National: GBR HC.G73F

Mapcode Global: VH5HB.DKTH

Entry Name: Former Bridgend Tramroad bridge over Nant Cynffig

Listing Date: 1 April 1996

Last Amended: 13 November 1997

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 16839

Building Class: Transport

Location: Located in the Nant Cynffig on a footpath leading N from Fountain Road, which crosses a railway line to Parc Slip Nature Park. The railway is immediately N of the bridge.

County: Bridgend

Community: Newcastle Higher (Y Castellnewydd)

Community: Newcastle Higher

Locality: Fountain

Traditional County: Glamorgan

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History

Built to carry the Bridgend Railway, a horse-drawn railway built between 1827 and 1830 between Bridgend and the Dyffryn Llynfi and Porthcawl Railway, which in turn linked the area with the harbour at Porthcawl. The engineer for the railway was John Hodgkinson, who began as principal assistant to Benjamin Outram and became a leading early railway engineer in his own right, responsible for several important lines in South Wales and the Midlands. The railway opened in 1830 and was absorbed into the South Wales Railway in 1861 but abandoned by 1864.

Exterior

Single-arched bridge of coursed rubble sandstone, which has a round arch with tooled voussoirs and quoins. The abutments are swept out slightly. Above the arch is a shallow string course. Originally there was no parapet, but timber posts and iron rails have been added.

Reasons for Listing

A rare example of an early railway bridge and an important component of the early industrial history of the district.

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