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Peniel Welsh Presbyterian Chapel

A Grade II Listed Building in Trefriw, Conwy

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.152 / 53°9'7"N

Longitude: -3.8254 / 3°49'31"W

OS Eastings: 278028

OS Northings: 363205

OS Grid: SH780632

Mapcode National: GBR 63.5F7Z

Mapcode Global: WH65X.61NG

Entry Name: Peniel Welsh Presbyterian Chapel

Listing Date: 30 May 1996

Last Amended: 30 May 1996

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 16924

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: Strikingly located in the centre of the town, set against the hillside above and to the SW of the parish church; raised up on a revetted and railed terrace with simple gates and gatepiers.

County: Conwy

Town: Trefriw

Community: Trefriw

Community: Trefriw

Built-Up Area: Trefriw

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

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Trefriw

Exterior

Built 1910 in well-designed Gothic style. Of snecked, rough-dressed stone with sandstone dressings; slate roofs with slightly oversailing eaves and tiled ridges. Symmetrical showpiece W front with tall gabled central bay; parapeted gable with Celtic cross at apex. Twin ogee arches to stepped-up vestibule, in early C14 Decorated style. Compound piers with fine naturalistic foliage capitals and labels with crocketted foliate finials to ogee apexes; similar treatment to central and outer applied shafts. Large 4-light flowing tracery window above moulded cill band; widely-splayed pointed arch with returned, moulded label and complex naturalistic foliate stops. Full-height flanking buttresses, stepped to the sides at the top. The upper gable projects slightly above the window and has a heavy moulding with 5 foliate bosses. Flanking the central bay are lower, storied semi-octagonal projections with hipped roofs; these are stair turrets and give access to the internal gallery. Tudor-arched entrances with double-moulded jambs to central faces and simple 2-light arched leaded windows to flanking sides; similar windows to upper floor. Twin entrances within vestibule, with shouldered arches and ribbed oak doors; these flank a central dedication plaque in sculpted sandstone. Further, similar entrances to return walls. Plain N and S sides each with 5 windows on both ground and gallery floors. Those to the latter are of 3 lights and leaded, with Tudor-arched heads and wooden mullions, whilst those to the ground floor are similar though with flat arches; stepped buttresses divide the bays.

To the rear, an adjoining, flush hall range with simple one, two and three-light mullioned windows as before and, on the N side, 2 large modern windows to the upper floor. The upper level is accessed on both sides by external bridges, that to the S via a long, simply-railed ramp; the bridge access here is in the form of an enclosed porch. A narrow access passage beneath leads around the irregular rear of the building which faces a high revettment; simple windows as before.

The church is approached by a majestic flight of twenty curved sandstone steps.

Interior

The interior was not available for inspection at the time of survey ( February 1996).

Reasons for Listing

Listed as a well-preserved and imposingly sited chapel with a fine facade for the period and for group value with the Parish Church of St. Mary.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II* Parish Church of St. Mary
    Prominently sited in the town centre within a raised, rubble-walled churchyard; on sloping ground, the W end set into a hill.
  • II Llys Llewelyn
    Prominently sited in the town centre just S of the church of St. Mary; set back slightly from the road behind a low garden wall with simple spear-headed gates and railings.
  • II Plas Coch
    On the street line in the town centre, just S of Llys Llewelyn and opposite the Trefriw Hall; set back slightly behind a low wall with simple C19 gates and iron railings.
  • II Tan-yr-Yw
    On the street line, opposite the church of St. Mary.
  • II Glan-y-Ddol
    On the street line, opposite the church of St. Mary and stepped-down and adjoining Tan-yr-Yw.
  • II Trefriw Hall
    Set back from the main street in the town centre, partly obscured by later housing on the street-line in front.
  • II Pont Trefriw
    Road bridge in the town centre, spanning the Afon Crafnant.
  • II Pont -y- Pandy
    Spanning the Afon Crafnant immediately above the Fairy Falls at the western extremity of the town.

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