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Castleton Baptist Church

A Grade II Listed Building in Castleton, Newport

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5446 / 51°32'40"N

Longitude: -3.079 / 3°4'44"W

OS Eastings: 325269

OS Northings: 183405

OS Grid: ST252834

Mapcode National: GBR J2.FVLW

Mapcode Global: VH7BJ.LF3S

Entry Name: Castleton Baptist Church

Listing Date: 29 February 1996

Last Amended: 29 February 1996

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 17227

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: Prominently located on corner of the A48 and Marshfield Road. Front is bounded by a dwarf wall with railings and pyramidal capped piers with dentil cornices; low rubble wall to side.

County: Newport

Community: Marshfield (Maerun)

Community: Marshfield

Locality: Castleton

Built-Up Area: Castleton

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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Castleton

History

Erected in 1859 and designed by R G Thomas, architect. It is an early example of the Italianate-style chapel facade later developed by George Morgan. Built at a cost of £2,000, the funds for which are said to have been raised by an open-air rally held in Marshfield in 1858 by the famous English non-conformist Charles Haddon Spurgeon.

Exterior

Eclectic chapel facade in Italianate manner with distinctive rose window and fine polychromatic detailing in cream, blue and red brick. The chapel is constructed of red sandstone and limestone blocks. Clay-tiled gabled roof with bell-tower and spire to NW corner. Central bay of N elevation breaks forward with large rose window with blue and cream striped brickwork surround and ogee-hoodmould with fleur-de-lys finial; two trefoil vents below and similar quatrefoil to gable apex. This central bay has red and cream banded end pilaster strips beneath a blue brick bandcourse and continuous arcading to the gable in Italian Romanesque manner. Below the rose window is a blue and cream diaper pattern frieze over the four vestibule windows with continuous, round-headed, banded arches and foliated capitals. The entrances are set back to either side with similarly banded end pilaster strips and round-arched doorways with nookshafts, ogee hoodmoulds and gabled coping; boarded doors with decorative ironwork. Continuous impost band across front and 2-light windows above both entrances. To right (NW corner) is a polygonal belltower, broached at the base and surmounted by a deeply bracketed slate spire. Four-window, buttressed, side elevations with coloured brick reserved only for the banding of the round-headed windows. Former organ chamber projects at south end (rear) with capped chimney; small rose window and attached school hall and boiler house.

Interior

Retains 'U'-shaped gallery supported on slender cast iron columns, originally marbled, now painted grey, and with gilded scrollwork gallery front. Reached from lobby by spiral stone staircases at either end, with simple cast iron handrails. Pews retained. Large open piped organ dating from 1902 behind rose window; former organ chamber at far end blocked. Cast-iron roof trusses with inserted later ceiling.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as a distinctive and well detailed example of a mid C19 chapel.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II The Coach and Horses PH
    Prominently located on the N side of the A48, aligned on an E/W axis.
  • II Gelli-ber Farmhouse
    Prominently located on the N side of the A48, aligned on an E/W axis.
  • II* Parish Church of St Mary
    Set on the N side of Church Lane opposite Church Farm, leading off Marshfield Road. The church is surrounded by a low rubble wall with cock and hen coping; lych gate to W and remains of medieval cros
  • II Lodge at Faendre Hall
    By the main entrance gates of Faendre Hall off Vaendre Close; St Mellons golf course is opposite.
  • II Entrance Gateway at Faendre Hall
    Fronting the lane and adjacent to the lodge, forming the entrance to a curved drive to the house.
  • II Former Stable Block at Faendre Hall
    Situated to the rear of the Hall, the drive bifurcating with one section leading to the stables and the other to the Hall.
  • II Circular garden seat at Faendre Hall
    Situated at the SE side of the house close to the drive and on the terrace which runs along the main garden (SW) frontage.
  • II The Old Rectory
    Set on the East side of the lane, opposite the Public House and the Parish Church. Main range is aligned on a NW/SE axis.

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