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Limekilns south of Cefn Bridge

A Grade II Listed Building in Park (Parc), Merthyr Tydfil

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7578 / 51°45'28"N

Longitude: -3.3953 / 3°23'43"W

OS Eastings: 303791

OS Northings: 207487

OS Grid: SO037074

Mapcode National: GBR HN.0DP7

Mapcode Global: VH6CY.32DT

Entry Name: Limekilns south of Cefn Bridge

Listing Date: 1 February 1996

Last Amended: 1 February 1996

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 17932

Building Class: Industrial

Location: Located on the bank of the Taff Fechan just south of Cefn Bridge. The upper level adjoins Brecon Road opposite the turning for Gurnos Estate.

County: Merthyr Tydfil

Community: Park (Parc)

Community: Park

Locality: Cyfartha

Built-Up Area: Merthyr Tydfil

Traditional County: Glamorgan

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Merthyr Tydfil

History

A large bank of three early nineteenth-century limekilns which formerly adjoined the horse drawn tramroad built in 1792 to link Gurnos limestone quarries with Cyfarthfa Ironworks. The kilns appear subsequently to have been used as stores. A painting of Cyfarthfa Ironworks in 1896 by Thomas Prytherch in Cyfarthfa Castle Museum shows the kiln arches gated and a hipped-roofed building at the top.

Exterior

The kilns are built into a steep slope with three pots to the upper level, now capped. The bank is constructed of coursed rubble limestone with large quoins. The arches have faced voussoirs and keystones with hinges for the former gates, and there is a string course at the base of a low parapet. A long earthwork and slag block ramp connects the charging area of the kilns with the tramroad at its south end. The kiln walls are slightly battered with gently curving wing walls. There are two access tunnels to the front from which openings with flat cast iron lintols give at right-angles onto the three pots. At the ends of the access tunnels an unusual narrow tunnel crosses the rear of the kiln bank transversely to tall arches which were formerly exposed at either end but are now concealedby the slope. Further drawing arches at each end of the bank are also currently concealed. The drawing holes themselves are constructed of ribbed cast iron plates of an unusual and possibly unique design, indicative of the innovative uses of iron by the Cyfarthfa works.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as a fine example of an early nineteenth-century limekiln bank and for its unusual form.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Pont y Cefn
    Situated on the S side of Cefn Coed-y-Cymmer some 0.5km NW of Cyfarthfa Castle, crossing the Afon Taff Fechan just S of the Old Cefn Bridge.
  • II Pont y Cefn
    Situated on the S side of Cefn Coed-y-Cymmer some 0.5km NW of Cyfartha Castle, crossing the Afon Taff Fechan just S of the Old Cefn Bridge.
  • II Old Cefn Bridge
    Situated on the S side of Cefn Coed-y-Cymmer crossing the Afon Taff Fechan just N of the present road bridge of the A470.
  • II Old Cefn Bridge
    Situated on the S side of Cefn Coed-y-Cymmer crossing the Afon Taff Fechan just N of the present road bridge of the A470.
  • I School at Cyfartha Castle
    Situated in its own landscaped park overlooking the Taff Valley and site of the former Cyfarthfa Ironworks.
  • II* Pont-y-Cafnau
    Small ironwork bridge spanning the River Taff immediately downstream from junction of Taf Fawr and Taf Fechan. Reached by an access road descending diagonally from Pont-y-Cefn (A470) and through EFI
  • II Fountain Below S.Terrace at Cyfartha Castle
    Situated below the level of main entrance and directly at head of driveway from entrance gates.
  • I Cyfartha Castle
    Situated in its own landscaped park overlooking the Taff Valley and site of the former Cyfarthfa Ironworks.

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