History in Structure

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Cresswell Corn Mill

A Grade II Listed Building in Jeffreyston, Pembrokeshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7293 / 51°43'45"N

Longitude: -4.8225 / 4°49'20"W

OS Eastings: 205178

OS Northings: 207166

OS Grid: SN051071

Mapcode National: GBR GB.Q1YL

Mapcode Global: VH2PB.CSDQ

Entry Name: Cresswell Corn Mill

Listing Date: 8 April 1997

Last Amended: 8 April 1997

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 18294

Building Class: Industrial

Location: At S side of Cresswell River, about 150 m upstream from Cresswell Bridge. The siting of the mill is unusual, as the Cresswell River adjacent to it is tidal. The mill stands at a raised level and is se

County: Pembrokeshire

Community: Jeffreyston

Community: Jeffreyston

Locality: Cresswell Bridge

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire

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Yerbeston

History

There was a water corn mill called Cresswell Mill in Jeffreyston Parish in existence in 1631, within the Lawrenny Estate. Another reference to a water corn mill in the same estate archives is in deeds dated 1762 (as "Criswill Mill"). The mill site and watercourses are therefore of the early C17 or earlier, but the mill as it now survives above ground appears to be C19. It is accompanied by an earlier miller's house at its the W side.

Exterior

Corn mill of two storeys and loft, approximately 10 m by 6 m, built of uncoursed local sandstone rubble masonry. Low-pitched slate roof hipped at N and S ends with tile ridge and hip-cover. Cart entrance in the S side, concealed by a later lean-to greenhouse; the pedestrian entrance is a ledged and boarded door at the 1st floor level reached from high ground to the E side. The building is much overgrown. The water wheel is at the N end of the building; parts are said to survive but it is inaccessible.

Interior

The sack room is the mill loft, with belt-driven pulley on a supporting frame for hoisting. Chutes to mill stones beneath. The roof construction is tied common rafters.

The first floor is the milling floor: three complete pairs of stones in their hexagonal wooden pans. Ladder-staircases to above and below at E side of room.

The mill machinery survives at ground level, though mostly inaccessible, with a cast-iron spur wheel on a large octagonal vertical shaft driving three disengagable wooden-toothed stone-nut pinions. The main vertical shaft pivots in the underside of the milling floor. The axle from the water-wheel and the pit-wheel and wallower are believed to survive but are not accessible or visible.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as a small early C19 village corn mill in a fair state of completeness with accompanying miller's house.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Cresswell Mill House
    Beside Cresswell Corn Mill, about 150 m upstream from Cresswell Bridge.
  • II Cresswell Bridge
    400 m N of Cresswell Quay, the bridge carries the lowest road crossing the tidal estuary of the Cresswell River. It is partly in Jeffreyston Community.
  • II Cresswell Bridge
    400 m N of Cresswell Quay, the bridge carries the lowest road crossing the tidal estuary of the Cresswell River. It is partly in Martletwy Community.
  • II The Cobblers Shop
    On the lane leading from Cresswell Quay to Cresselly, at edge of the settlement, immediately in front of Back Cottages. Built with its back to the road on a steeply sloping site, necessitating an exce
  • II 1 & 2 Back Cottages
    Above the lane that leads from Cresswell Quay to Cresselly, on the edge of the settlement.
  • II Out-kitchen at Kiln Cottage
    At right-angles to the left-hand side of the cottage.
  • II Old Carpenters Shop
    At the foot of and at right angles to the lane that leads from Cresswell Quay to Cresselly, alongside the footpath leading to Kiln Cottage.
  • II Kiln Cottage
    In an elevated position at the foot of the lane leading from Cresswell Quay to Cresselly.

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