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Tramway Bridge at Maes-yr-ychain

A Grade II Listed Building in Llantysilio, Denbighshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.9952 / 52°59'42"N

Longitude: -3.1983 / 3°11'53"W

OS Eastings: 319667

OS Northings: 344877

OS Grid: SJ196448

Mapcode National: GBR 6X.H9LC

Mapcode Global: WH77X.VZ56

Entry Name: Tramway Bridge at Maes-yr-ychain

Listing Date: 22 April 1998

Last Amended: 22 April 1998

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 19700

Building Class: Transport

Location: Maes-yr-uchain Lane connects the Horseshoe Pass Road with the Rhewl Road. The bridge is located approximately 400m from the junction with the A452 Horseshoe Pass road, S of Maes-yr-ychain bach.

County: Denbighshire

Town: Llangollen

Community: Llantysilio

Community: Llantysilio

Locality: Maes-yr-ychain

Traditional County: Denbighshire

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Llangollen

History

The horse tramway was designed by Henry Dennis for John Taylor & Son, and constructed in 1852 to carry slate from the Upper Cambrian slate quarries at Clogau, at Oernant (Maesyruchan), Moel-y-faen, running 4.5 miles (2.88 km) to their Llangollen Slab and Slate Works and wharf on the Llangollen Branch of the Ellesmere (Shropshire Union) Canal near Pentrefelin Bridge. The bridge carries the former tramway under Maes-yr-ychain Lane.

Exterior

Built of blue brick and local stone. Square abutments carrying heavy slate lintels approximately 2.66m long, 275mm deep, over a span of about 2m over the former tramway line. Above the lintels, a 300mm deep stone coping each side carries iron railings between 700mm square terminal piers, each with a square weathered concrete capping. The retaining walls on the lower, SE side of the bridge extend in a straight line approximately 300m across the fields, enclosing the former track. A bench mark of 470.1ft (143m) is cut on the parapet.

Reasons for Listing

Included as one of the few structures to remain from the slate extraction industry which at one time was the major industy of the area.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Maesyrychen uchaf
    The former farmhouse is set parallel to the road from Llantysilio to the A542 N of Valle Crucis, on the W side of the narrow flat valley, formerly known as the Maes-yr-ychain marshes..
  • II Maes-y-llyn Farm Building
    The building stands against and at right angles to the main Horseshoe Pass road, approximately 170m N of the Pillar of Eliseg.
  • II Ty'n-y-pistyll Villa
    The house stands prominently on a steep bank above the Britannia Inn.
  • I Pillar of Eliseg
    The pillar is raised on a tumulus, approximately 50m from the road, and 400m N of Valle Crucis Abbey
  • II Well House at Abbey Farm
    The well house is built into the embankment of the road by Abbey Farm, facing the lane leading to Valle Crucis.
  • II Ty-isa
    The farmhouse lies below the hamlet of Llandinan, and is reached by a farm road off the B5103 from Pentrefelin to Rhewl.
  • II Pen-y-clawdd Farmhouse
    The farm lies on the road joining the Horseshoe Pass road with the Eglwyseg valley, approximately 150m from the junction with the A542.
  • I Valle Crucis Abbey
    The abbey lies in the lower Eglwyseg valley between the main road and the river, approximately 0.9km N of Llangollen.

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