History in Structure

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Old Farmhouse at Ty-brith

A Grade II Listed Building in Llantysilio, Denbighshire

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Latitude: 53.0118 / 53°0'42"N

Longitude: -3.1645 / 3°9'52"W

OS Eastings: 321968

OS Northings: 346691

OS Grid: SJ219466

Mapcode National: GBR 6Y.GCSN

Mapcode Global: WH77Y.CKBF

Entry Name: Old Farmhouse at Ty-brith

Listing Date: 22 April 1998

Last Amended: 22 April 1998

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 19706

Building Class: Domestic

Location: Ty-brith is located on the E side of Eglwyseg Glen, approximately 900m N of St Mary's Church. The old farmhouse is on a platform site, to the N and at right angles to the present farmhouse.

County: Denbighshire

Town: Llangollen

Community: Llantysilio

Community: Llantysilio

Locality: Eglwyseg

Traditional County: Denbighshire

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Two bay open hall house with one lower bay, probably of the early-mid C15, to which a later upper bay has been added, perhaps a stable or small cowhouse. In long use as an agriculatural building probably since the adjacent house was built in the late C17 or early C18.


Rubble stonework, with a slate roof, corrugated iron on the rear and red clay ridge tiles. The upper E bay has a corrugated asbestos roof. Two doorways on the S side, one on the N, the added building has a boarded door and window opening.


The main open hall truss of the house is constructed with substantial raised crucks morticed for a deep cambered collar, with knee braces carrying ovolo mouldings on the lower arrises, extended on to the centre of the collar. Above, a remarkable king-post, with sunk ovolo mouldings on each face, is shouldered and shaped to take four mortices for braces to the upper part of the blades, and to the ridge; these two now missing. The blades are tenoned at the top into the king post, which is trenched to carry a square set ridge piece. Much evidence of smoke blackening. The total span is 4.75m, and the hall length 7.65m. The closed truss forming the partition to the lower bay has slightly curved and tapered blades set in the walls, with a cambered collar and king post, a shoulder is present on the hall side only, although it is not clear if it is applied. Two long curved braces from the blades descend to a raised sill, which also has a vertical stud to the collar. Small plates, pegged to the blades, are trenched on top for the wall plate on the stone walls. A subsidiary timber on top of the blades carries the lower tier of purlins, which are held in position by a substantial rectangular peg driven into the top face of the blade. The purlins do not seem to be in their original position although they are drilled for pegged rafters. The ridge over the lower bay is set diagonally. The slates have been torched.

Reasons for Listing

Included in Grade II as a rare survival of an early vernacular house of open-hall type, notable for the exceptionally high quality of the carpentry employed in an otherwise modest dwelling.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Tan-y-graig
    The farmhouse stands in the Eglwyseg Valley, set back from the road under the shoulder of Craig Arthur of Cregiau Eglwyseg. It is reached by a farm road.
  • II Eglwyseg Bridge
    Located at the centre of the hamlet of Eglwyseg, carrying the minor road to Llangollen over the River Eglwyseg.
  • II Plas yn Eglwyseg
    Eglwyseg hamlet is on the minor road from Llangollen through the Nant Eglwyseg to Minera. The farmhouse stands on a bank overlooking the road junction and bridge at the centre of Eglwyseg.
  • II Ty Canol
    Located on the west side of the road that follows the Eglwyseg river to World's End; c5.5km due N of Llangollen.
  • II Lime Kiln above Bryn-goleu
    The lime kiln is built into the slope of the Cregiau Eglwyseg, approximately 80m above the rebuilt house of Bryn-goleu.
  • II Agricultural range to the W of Plas-uchaf
    Plas-uchaf stands at the top of the narrow Eglwyseg valley, on the minor mountain road to Minera. The long agricultural range stands to the S, set apart from the house.
  • II* Plas-uchaf
    The house is set at the head of a narrow valley, on the mountain road to Minera.

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