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Barn at Penhein

A Grade II Listed Building in Caerwent, Monmouthshire

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Latitude: 51.6367 / 51°38'12"N

Longitude: -2.7962 / 2°47'46"W

OS Eastings: 344997

OS Northings: 193399

OS Grid: ST449933

Mapcode National: GBR JG.81CJ

Mapcode Global: VH7B9.H444

Entry Name: Barn at Penhein

Listing Date: 29 March 2000

Last Amended: 29 March 2000

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 23045

Building Class: Agriculture and Subsistence

Location: About 200m north of Penhein.

County: Monmouthshire

Town: Chepstow

Community: Caerwent (Caer-went)

Community: Caerwent

Locality: Penhein

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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A very large barn built probably in c1820 (but see references), roughly contemporary with Penhein, and unaltered since apart from re-roofing.


A very large and massively built barn of local roughly coursed limestone rubble with dressed quoins and brick heads to the openings; steeply pitched roof covered in corrugated sheeting. The main front is on the north with a large projecting midstrey leading to the threshing floor. This has tall cart doors of diagonal boarding under a segmental brick head. Above this is a much smaller opening to the hayloft and a circular opening above that in the gable. On either side of this are the wings of the main barn, with two tiers of strip vents and a tall roof hipped to either end. The west angle is filled by a single storey lean-to corrugated metal shed. The wing ends also have two tiers of slits with a door inserted on the first floor at the west end. The base of the walls are battered with an additional thickness of stone to support their unusual mass and height. The south wall facing the foldyard has more doors and slits.


Large silos have been built into the barn since 1978 which make the interior difficult to see properly. The first floor survives within the porch, supported on massive beams. Nine bay roof with eight large queen strut trusses with collars, three tiers of purlins and rafters, nearly all original.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as an unusually large and magnificent early C19 barn.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Penhein
    About 1100m north of the village of Llanvair Discoed approached up a private drive off the Shirenewton road.
  • II Double lime-kiln at Penhein
    About 400m south west of Penhein just north of the private drive off the Shirenewton road from Llanvair Discoed.
  • II Tile Farm (Ysgubor Kemeys)
    On Grey Hill, about 600m to north of Llanvair Discoed, on west side of lane.
  • II Cil-voynog Farmhouse and attached barn
    On Bica Common about 1500m north of the village of Llanvair Discoed but approached from Shirenewton.
  • II Church of St Mary
    In the centre of the village of Llanvair Discoed immediately to the south of Llanvair Castle.
  • II The Court House
    In the centre of the village of Llanvair Discoed at the junction of the roads to Shirenewton, Caerwent and Wentwood.
  • II Barn at Llanvair Farm
    About 30m west of The Court House in the centre of the village of Llanvair Discoed.
  • II Earlswood Valley Methodist Chapel
    About 4km west of Shirenewton on the northern fringe of Bica Common.

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