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Collihole Farmhouse

A Grade II Listed Building in Chagford, Devon

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Latitude: 50.6555 / 50°39'19"N

Longitude: -3.8618 / 3°51'42"W

OS Eastings: 268493

OS Northings: 85631

OS Grid: SX684856

Mapcode National: GBR Q9.T3QC

Mapcode Global: FRA 27SB.RBR

Plus Code: 9C2RM44Q+57

Entry Name: Collihole Farmhouse

Listing Date: 16 September 1987

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1165921

English Heritage Legacy ID: 94543

Location: Chagford, West Devon, Devon, TQ13

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Chagford

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Chagford St Michael

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

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3/14 Collihole Farmhouse

Farmhouse, former Dartmoor longhouse. Probably C16 but if so was mostly rebuilt in
early or mid C17, renovated and shippon converted to domestic use circa 1980.
Granite stone rubble, exposed to rear and whitewashed to front; granite stacks with
granite ashlar chimney shafts; thatch roof.
Plan and development: 4-room-and-through-passage plan former Dartmoor longhouse
facing south-east and built down a slope. The present kitchen at the left (south-
west) end is terraced into the slope. It was probably a parlour formerly and it
has a gable end stack. Between this inner room parlour and the hall is an unheated
former dairy. The hall has a large axial fireplace backing onto the passage and
from the mid C17 was probably the kitchen. Dairy and hall knocked together and rear
passage doorway blocked in C20. The shippon at the right (north-eastern) end, was
converted to domestic use circa 1980 when it was given a gable end stack. C20
stairs in shippon end and site of former stairs unknown. Secondary storage outshots
each end.
Since most of the carpentry detail exposed dates from the C17 it is impossible to
establish the early development of farmhouse although it seems probably that the
hall at least was open to the roof. Now 2 storeys throughout.
Exterior. Irregular 5-window front of C19 and C20 casements with glazing bars. The
first floor windows towards the left (uphill) end have thatch eyebrows over. The
front passage doorway is set right of centre. It contains a C17 oak doorframe with
chamfered surround with worn stops and the studded oak plank door here is probably
contemporary. It has plain strap hinges and 2 applied panels. The porch may also
be as early. It has rubble walls and now has a monopitch slate roof and contains
oak benches either side. The window immediately right of the porch is blocking the
former shippon cow door. Dairy window is also blocking a former doorway. Secondary
doorway at left end behind C20 concrete-tile roofed porch. Irregular row of pigeon
holes high in the wall at the shippon end. Roof is gable-ended. Large rubble-
walled store on right end with leanto thatch roof and small slate-roofed woodstore
on left end. Both are secondary. Left end has C20 door to first floor up a short
flight of steps from terrace.
To rear the former shippon retains a narrow slit window and there is another at
first floor level in the right end wall.
Interior shows mostly C17 carpentry detail. In the through passage the ashlar back
of the stack has a soffit-chamfered cornice and a chamfered plinth. It is also
inscribed with C20 occupants names. The hall has a large granite fireplace with an
enormous lintel and a roughly-chamfered surround. It includes a side oven to left.
The crossbeam is soffit-chamfered with step stops and the similarly-finished half
beam at the upper end is set a little forward from the partition possibly indicating
an internal jetty there before the hall was floored over. The dairy has an axial
beam, also soffit-chamfered with step stops and alcoves, possibly cooling cupboards,
in the walls. No carpentry is exposed in the inner room parlour and the granite
fireplace has a replacement lintel. The shippon, although converted circa 1980,
still has its earlier rough and waney crossbeams.
The roof was apparently renewed in the C17 although earlier trusses appear to have
been reused over the shippon end. The end truss for instance has a C16 apex form
with a small yoke (Alcock's apex type L1) and those close to it have been altered
above collar level. They are A-frame trusses although the bases of the principals
show some evidence that their curving feet have been hacked back and cut off
suggesting that they may have originally been cruck trusses. They are however
clean. The rest of the roof is made up of C17 A-frame trusses with pegged lap-
jointed collars. Presumably due to a shortage of suitable timber there are some old
pieces of carpentry with odd-shaped wany timbers and pieces scarfed together.
Collihole Farmhouse is an interesting and attractive farmhouse, a former Dartmoor
longhouse. Furthermore it forms part of a good group of buildings in the hamlet
with its nearby barn (q.v.), Collihole Cottage (q.v.) and their butterwells (q.v.).

Listing NGR: SX6849485615

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