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Gateway and Guard House, Berwick Barracks Museum

A Grade I Listed Building in Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.7714 / 55°46'16"N

Longitude: -2.0001 / 2°0'0"W

OS Eastings: 400090

OS Northings: 653115

OS Grid: NU000531

Mapcode National: GBR G1GP.SY

Mapcode Global: WH9YK.76TF

Plus Code: 9C7VQXCX+HX

Entry Name: Gateway and Guard House, Berwick Barracks Museum

Listing Date: 26 May 1971

Last Amended: 4 February 1999

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1244721

English Heritage Legacy ID: 472881

Location: Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, TD15

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Berwick-upon-Tweed

Built-Up Area: Berwick-upon-Tweed

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Berwick Holy Trinity and St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

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(South side)
622/11/10006 Gateway and guard house, Berwick
Barracks Museum


Barracks entrance gateway, guard house and offices now museum and mess. 1719-21, probably by Nicholas Hawksmoor, for the Board of Ordnance. Sandstone ashlar with ashlar left-hand lateral and single right-hand ridge stacks, and hipped slate roof. Vernacular Baroque style. Single-depth plinth blocks flank central gateway. EXTERIOR: single storey; 3-section range. The street front has heavy pilaster strips either side of a semi-circular archway with key and impost blocks, wrought-iron double gates, and a raised parapet above containing a gilded and painted coat of arms cartouche of George I; right-hand former guard house has 3 small flat-arched windows under the eaves, and the mess to the left has a parapet, stepped down to the left, with a single segmental-arched plate-glass sash.
The parade ground elevation is similar with raised parapet to tl1e gateway, 6-window guard house with a mid C19 cast-iron glazed verandah, and 5-bay mess with 8/8-pane sashes and central inserted C20 half-glazed door. Closes the N end of the parade ground.
INTERIOR: without special features.
HISTORY: part of the earliest planned barrack complex in England, pre-dating most other English barracks by nearly 80 years, because of the need for a permanent garrison on the Scottish border. One of a number of Ordnance buildings at this time associated with Hawksmoor and Vanbrugh.
(MacIvor I: The Fortifications of Berwick on Tweed: London: 1972-: 8, 29; Barker N in Chaney and Bold (eds): English Architecture Public and Private: London: 1993-: 199-230; Map of Berwick-on-Tweed: 1788-: PRO, WO78/1172).

Listing NGR: NU0009053115

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