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Latitude: 51.3972 / 51°23'49"N
Longitude: 0.5387 / 0°32'19"E
OS Eastings: 576701
OS Northings: 169522
OS Grid: TQ767695
Mapcode National: GBR PPP.C0V
Mapcode Global: VHJLV.944Q
Plus Code: 9F329GWQ+VF
Entry Name: Former Nelson Barrack
Listing Date: 28 September 1990
Last Amended: 5 December 1996
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1267812
English Heritage Legacy ID: 462547
Location: River, Medway, ME4
Electoral Ward/Division: River
Built-Up Area: Gillingham
Traditional County: Kent
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent
Church of England Parish: Gillingham St Mark
Church of England Diocese: Rochester
CENTRAL AVENUE (south side)
Former Nelson Barrack
(Formerly Listed as: CHATHAM CENTRAL AVENUE (South side), Chatham Maritime, 4 Barrack blocks, Genville, Anson, Nelson and Blake)
Barracks, now offices and laboratories. c1902 by Sir Henry Pilkington. Red brick with Portland stone dressings, brick gable and ridge and lateral stacks and slate cross-gabled roof.
STYLE: Free Edwariam Baroque.
PLAN: single-depth axial.
EXTERIOR: three storeys with attics to end cross ranges; 25-bay range. Long symmetrical ranges have a plinth, banded rustication to a ground floor plat band, second floor impost band becoming corniced frieze on end gables, and a modillion eaves cornice, the eight bay intermediate ranges divided by shallow paired lateral tacks to the first and second floor with a central downpipe. Three bay end gables have clasping pilaster strips, with scrolled ends to raking coping, and thin lateral stacks flanking central windows to a tall gable stack with a central rib; deep, full-height central canted bay. Segmental-arched 6/6-pane sashes have large split keystones to ground and first floors, brick and stone voussoirs to the second; ground floor windows to the intermediate sections wider with side lights.
Return gables have an outer blind bay, with a central porch with blocked Tuscan columns to an entablature with NELSON in raised letters and a segmental pediment and a half-glazed double door, and a bay above with entablature and parapet, paired 4/4-pane sashes in a keyed architrave and 4/4-pane sashes to the sides; above is a round-arched 8/8-pane sash with architrave and brackets to a round-arched pediment set forward from the cornice over a cartouche with flanking fish.
Rear elevations plainer, with square latrine towers at each end with pyramidal roofs connected to the barrack by a ground floor arch and one-light range above. Good cast-iron dated hoppers and square downpipes. Roofs have banded ridge and lateral stacks, some truncated, with late C20 dormer louvres and air conditioning units.
INTERIOR: plain with axial corridors and stairs in ends and central projecting sections.
HISTORY: one of four matching barracks at the former HMS Pembroke, and part of a carefully planned group with the Officer's Mess, Captain's House, Motor Dept (qqv), and other ancillary buildings.
Listing NGR: TQ7670069540
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