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Winchester House and Attached Railings

A Grade II Listed Building in Southwark, London

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Latitude: 51.5026 / 51°30'9"N

Longitude: -0.098 / 0°5'52"W

OS Eastings: 532111

OS Northings: 179898

OS Grid: TQ321798

Mapcode National: GBR QH.4J

Mapcode Global: VHGR0.8H1G

Plus Code: 9C3XGW32+2R

Entry Name: Winchester House and Attached Railings

Listing Date: 27 September 1972

Last Amended: 17 September 1998

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1385917

English Heritage Legacy ID: 471337

Location: Borough and Bankside, Southwark, London, SE1

County: London

District: Southwark

Electoral Ward/Division: Cathedrals

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Southwark

Traditional County: Surrey

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: Southwark St George the Martyr with St Alphage and St Jude

Church of England Diocese: Southwark

Tagged with: Building

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636-1/5/701 (West side)
27/09/72 No.94 (PART)
Winchester House and attached
(Formerly Listed as:
(West side)
Winchester House)


Part of St Saviour's Workhouse, now part of Southwark Fire
Station and Fire Brigade Training Centre. 1777. By George
Gwilt the elder. Eastern wing (facing main road) aggrandized
and converted into 2 houses, early C19. Practice tower added
to rear c1880 by Alfred Mott (in connection with its later use
as a fire training centre).
MATERIALS: main elevation: brown brick with stucco details and
cornice with brick parapet, hipped slate roof with red tile
PLAN: rectangular plan (with rear wing).
EXTERIOR: 3 storeys and basement, 11 bays. Central 3 bays
articulated by 4 giant stucco Ionic pilasters supporting
entablature and balustraded parapet above. Outer bays flanked
by sunk panelled pilasters supporting entablature and
balustraded parapets. Pair of modified Doric porches at 2nd
bay from each end. Tall ground-floor windows with stucco
architraves and cornices, that in right end bay with console
bracketed pediment. C20 1-storey projection at left end bay.
1st and 2nd floors have sash windows with glazing bars,
gauged, flat brick arches and stucco sills, those to central 3
bays with console bracketed cornices. Return elevation much
INTERIOR: not inspected.
SUBSIDIARY FEATURES: metal railings and brick piers of late
C19 enclosing forecourt.
HISTORICAL NOTE: the workhouse became a hat factory and
residence in the early C19, and in 1878, when the Metropolitan
Fire Brigade moved their headquarters here under Captain Shaw,
a training school. The building forms an important group with
the Gothic-style fire station built to its left in 1878 (qv).
A Gothic extension of 1883 by Robert Pearsall, which hid the
former workhouse building from the main road, was demolished
after the war.

Listing NGR: TQ3211179898

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