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Latitude: 51.9058 / 51°54'20"N
Longitude: -2.0731 / 2°4'23"W
OS Eastings: 395067
OS Northings: 223031
OS Grid: SO950230
Mapcode National: GBR 2M4.JPB
Mapcode Global: VHB1Q.0CWC
Entry Name: Numbers 31 to 42 and Attached Railings
Listing Date: 12 March 1955
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1386851
English Heritage Legacy ID: 474262
Location: Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL50
Electoral Ward/Division: Pittville
Built-Up Area: Cheltenham
Traditional County: Gloucestershire
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire
Church of England Parish: Cheltenham St Paul
Church of England Diocese: Gloucester
SO9523SW CLARENCE SQUARE
630-1/6/266 (North side)
12/03/55 Nos.31-42 (Consecutive)
and attached railings
Terrace of 12 houses and attached railings. 1834-7, probably
by Robert Stokes, architect. No.36 rebuilt to rear c1970.
Stucco over brick with slate roofs, tall brick and stucco
party-wall stacks with cornices, and iron balconies, verandah
EXTERIOR: central 6 houses of 3 storeys, with 3 houses to
either end of 2 storeys, all on basements; 24 first-floor
windows (2 per house); with service ranges to rear. 2 houses
at either end break forward. Stucco detailing includes
horizontal rustication to ground floor, drawn into voussoirs
over windows; first-floor plat band; architrave, frieze and
cornice above first floor, with blocking course to outer
ranges; central block has further architrave, frieze, cornice
and blocking course above second floor. First floor: mainly
tall 6/6 sashes; second floor: 3/6 sashes; ground floor has
tripartite sashes, 6/6 between 2/2 with cambered heads, except
to Nos 31-33 which are infilled to head. Blind boxes remain to
Nos 31, 32 and 33, ground and first floors, and to No.38 to
first floor. Basement has mainly 8/8 and 6/6 sashes. Entrances
(at left and right): flights of roll-edged steps to 3-panel
doors with overlights with glazing bars. Rear retains many 6/6
sashes, some 8/8 sashes; one tripartite window to No.32 has
6/6 between 2/2 sash.
INTERIOR: photographs c1990 of No.34 show embellished cornices
with acanthus leaves and further foliate frieze to ceiling;
otherwise not inspected.
SUBSIDIARY FEATURES: lancet railings with trefoil finials to
stanchions to sides of steps throughout and forecourt railings
where original to Nos 31, 33, 35, 36, 37, 38 and 39.
Continuous balconies to Nos 34 and 38 have Carron Company
heart-and-anthemion motif, that to No.38 on tall iron posts
with scroll frieze; similar individual balconies to Nos 37 and
39, and similar verandah with tent roof to No.36 with scrolls
to uprights; Nos 40, 41 and 42 have diamond-lattice motif to
window guards. Ground-floor window boxes to Nos 40, 41 and 42
have scroll, circle and flower motifs. Rear: No.32 has
ground-floor balcony with intersecting scroll motif and
first-floor balcony with heart-and-anthemion. No.34 has
first-floor balcony with cross motif.
HISTORICAL NOTE: built as part of the development of this area
undertaken for Joseph Pitt in 1825-42 (the Pittville Estate),
the general layout being designed by the architect John
Forbes. Clarence Square was laid out in the late 1820s,
building began in 1832. The Square was named after the Duke of
Clarence, who became William IV in 1830.
(Sampson A and Blake S: A Cheltenham Companion: Cheltenham:
1993-: 30; Blake S: Pittville: 1824-1860: Cheltenham: 1988-:
Listing NGR: SO9505923042
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