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Latitude: 53.9408 / 53°56'26"N
Longitude: -1.0878 / 1°5'16"W
OS Eastings: 459977
OS Northings: 449798
OS Grid: SE599497
Mapcode National: GBR NQVW.92
Mapcode Global: WHFC9.868Q
Entry Name: Terrys of York Time Office Block
Listing Date: 4 March 2005
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1391644
English Heritage Legacy ID: 492558
Location: York, YO23
Electoral Ward/Division: Micklegate
Built-Up Area: York
Traditional County: Yorkshire
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire
Church of England Parish: York St Chad
Church of England Diocese: York
1112-1/0/10047 BISHOPTHORPE ROAD
Terry's of York Time Office block
Office and transit/recreation room, 1924-30, architects J G Davies and L E Wade for Terry's of York chocolate manufacturers. Red brick in English bond with sandstone ashlar dressings, two storeys, flat concrete and asphalt roof. Baroque Revival style. Facade facing entrance road and headquarters block: central single storey entrance porch with tripartite window above, flanked by quoin strips in alternating red brick and sandstone, with frieze above. Three 2-light windows to either side plus slightly projecting end blocks with tripartite windows similar to centre on both floors. End blocks are framed in ashlar pilaster strips with a frieze over. All windows and frames are C20 replacements. Ashlar faced parapet which is stepped up over centre and end blocks. Left return has one 3-light first floor window, right return has two 3-light windows to each floor. Rear has similar fenestration to front, with end blocks defined by quoin strips of alternating brick and ashlar, a door replacing one of the windows to the right of the end block and a central door framed by windows and an overlight.
Interior: the interior is now largely empty and the building is unused. Spiral iron staircase leads to first floor.
The building originally had two archways leading through it from front to back, through which delivery vehicles would pass. The brick infill can be clearly seen at the rear of the building, showing that the ground floor windows in the ranges to either side of the centre block are later additions. This building was also where employees clocked in, hence its name of the Time Office Block.
The building is included for group value.
HISTORY: Terry's of York began as a confectionary business owned by Bayldon and Berry in 1767 on a site near Bootham Bar in York. Joseph Terry, connected by marriage to Bery and trained as an apothecary, joined the firm, which moved to St Helen's Square in 1824. By 1830, Terry was the sole owner, and gradually developed the chocolate side of the business. New factory premises were built at Clementhorpe in 1862 to provide better transport links, but continued expansion led to a need for new premises which were built at Bishopthorpe Road.
SUMMARY: This building is one of a group consisting of headquarters offices, factory, clocktower, Time office block and liquor factory, which were all built at the same time. The complex is a strong group in architectural terms, presenting a unified style which reflects the strength and importance of the corporate image of Terry's chocolate firm. The buildings also have a strong historic interest, representing the most complete surviving expression of the importance of the confectionary business in York, and confirming, on a national scale, York's high status in this business.
SOURCES: Colbeck, Maurice, 'Made in York', 1992, pp. 23-32.
'Terry's of York, 1767-1967, 1967, (Private Publication).
'C. M. W.', Journal of Jos. Rowntree, 1925 (pamphlet).
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