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Oxenfoord Policies, Icehouse

A Category C Listed Building in Midlothian East, Midlothian

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.8758 / 55°52'32"N

Longitude: -2.974 / 2°58'26"W

OS Eastings: 339155

OS Northings: 665161

OS Grid: NT391651

Mapcode National: GBR 70NH.XK

Mapcode Global: WH7V7.9K1Y

Entry Name: Oxenfoord Policies, Icehouse

Listing Date: 14 September 1979

Category: C

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 331190

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB770

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Cranston

County: Midlothian

Electoral Ward: Midlothian East

Parish: Cranston

Traditional County: Midlothian

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Description

Late 18th century. Rectangular icehouse. Ashlar lintel, long and short rybats; rubble sandstone passage, yellow sandstone ice chamber.

E (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: central entrance doorway: ashlar lintel, long and short quoins; curved rubble wing walls flanking.

Originally 2 timber entrance doors now missing. Formerly arched roof constructed from parallel courses of yellow sandstone blocks running E to W, now only partially remaining in W.

INTERIOR: passage leading to rectangular stone chamber with partial roof remaining.

Statement of Interest

The icehouse would have been a working part of the estate until the middle of the 19th century when most country houses started to phase out their use. Some were altered into game larders, but this one was abandoned. Sited on the driveway leading from the North Lodge to the main house, this icehouse was built above the ground under a natural mound then planted with firs and sycamore trees. Its entrance is sited at the east end of the mound and is approximately 5ft high. It interior passage is just over 3ft wide but widens and extends for a length of 7ft until it reached the inner door. The actual ice chamber was 15' 5" wide by nearly 27' long. Originally the chamber would have had a roof, of which only a small portion remains. It would have been of stone nearly a foot thick with a layer of cement between it and the soil above.

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