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Bridge Over Cnocan Burn, Brodick Castle, Arran

A Category B Listed Building in Ardrossan and Arran, North Ayrshire

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Latitude: 55.5935 / 55°35'36"N

Longitude: -5.1662 / 5°9'58"W

OS Eastings: 200594

OS Northings: 637872

OS Grid: NS005378

Mapcode National: GBR FFMX.VRV

Mapcode Global: WH1MQ.MN4S

Plus Code: 9C7PHRVM+CG

Entry Name: Bridge Over Cnocan Burn, Brodick Castle, Arran

Listing Name: Brodick Castle Estate, Cnocan Burn Road Bridge

Listing Date: 8 August 1995

Category: B

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 338479

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB6778

Building Class: Cultural

Also known as: Arran, Brodick Castle, Bridge Over Cnocan Burn

ID on this website: 200338479

Location: Kilbride

County: North Ayrshire

Electoral Ward: Ardrossan and Arran

Parish: Kilbride

Traditional County: Buteshire

Tagged with: Road bridge

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Circa 1861. Single-span road bridge over burn in deep ravine within policies of Brodick Castle. Round arch with rusticated voissoirs. Curved carriageway. Hammer dressed pink sandstone, abutments and parapets. Ashlar pilasters and intrados. Saddleback-coped parapets.

Statement of Interest

Part of A Group at Brodick Castle Estate comprising: Brodick Castle; Bavarian Summerhouse; Cnocan Burn Road Bridge; Greenhyde and Castle Cottages; Ice House; Walled Garden; the Nursery; Main Gates, West Gates and Coastal Boundary Walls; South Gates; Sylvania and Brodick Kennels.

An important component of the Brodick Castle Estate, the bridge appears to have been built as part of the scheme to open up the western policies of Brodick Castle, which also involved removal of old cottages and the old Brodick Village, and the creation of scenic woodland walks commissioned by the 11th Duke of Hamilton. The bridge, of Roman influence, spans the burn on the drive leading from South Gate, on the western approach to the castle, and the curve on the carriageway creates a dramatic effect as the route changes from northbound to eastbound and the vista towards the Castle opens up. Clearly more than simply a utilitarian structure, it was also intended to provide a romantic spectacle on a riverside walk through Cnocan Glen that passes several dramatic waterfalls. Brodick Castle Estate is included in the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes.

The designer of the bridge is not known, although the architect, William Burn, and the landscape gardener, W A Nesfield, were both engaged by the estate at this time. There is no evidence for a proposed attribution to Thomas Telford.

Brodick Castle Estate, now a discreet entity, was originally the nucleus of the Lands of Arran. Fought over during the Scottish War of Independence, it was transformed into an Earldom and granted to James Hamilton by his cousin, King James IV, in 1503. The Isle of Arran remained as one of the minor estates of the Dukes of Hamilton until the late 19th century. Agricultural improvements in the 18th century, culminating in the clearances of the early 19th century, eventually displaced the small scale and subsistence farming on the island. In the mid-19th, improved transportation made Brodick an attractive picturesque resort and hunting destination for the Hamiltons and the castle was substantially rebuilt with the area around it laid out as gardens and pleasure grounds. On the death of the 12th Duke, in 1895, Brodick passed to the future Duchess of Montrose. In 1957 the Castle and the policies immediately surrounding were conveyed to the National Trust for Scotland.

List description revised as part of the National Trust for Scotland Estates Review, 2010-11.

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