History in Structure

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

3 Gayfield Street, Edinburgh

A Category C Listed Building in Edinburgh, Edinburgh

We don't have any photos of this building yet. Why don't you be the first to send us one?

Upload Photo »

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »


Latitude: 55.9591 / 55°57'32"N

Longitude: -3.1868 / 3°11'12"W

OS Eastings: 326004

OS Northings: 674641

OS Grid: NT260746

Mapcode National: GBR 8PC.ZB

Mapcode Global: WH6SM.0HS1

Plus Code: 9C7RXR57+J7

Entry Name: 3 Gayfield Street, Edinburgh

Listing Name: 3 and 5 Gayfield Street Including Boundary Wall

Listing Date: 12 December 1974

Category: C

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 370869

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB30098

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Edinburgh

County: Edinburgh

Town: Edinburgh

Electoral Ward: City Centre

Traditional County: Midlothian

Tagged with: Architectural structure

Find accommodation in


1888. Symmetrical, 3-storey, 10-bay (8-bay to upper floors to front elevation) double tenement block. Squared snecked rubble with stugged margins (coursed rubble to side elevation). Base course; eaves cornice. Stugged long and short quoins. Regular fenestration.

SE (PRINCIPLE) ELEVATION: timber-panelled door with letterbox fanlight to 3rd and 8th bays to ground floor. To upper floors, 2nd and 3rd bays and 6th and 7th bays are close-spaced.

NW (REAR) ELEVATION: to 3rd and 8th bays; door to ground floor, windows at half-storey to upper floors.

GLAZING etc: mixture of 4-pane and plate glass glazing in timber sash and case windows to front elevation; mixture of 12-pane and plate glass glazing in timber sash and case windows to rear. Pitched roof; grey slates; stone skews and skewputts. 4 wallhead stacks to front elevation; 1 gablehead stack to left; 1 ridge stack to centre; 1 gablehead stack to right; all stacks corniced and rendered with circular cans.

BOUNDARY WALL: to rear, random rubble wall, built circa 1800 (see Notes) with occasional brick sections; flat stone coping.

Statement of Interest

A good example of smaller scale simple residential architecture of the late nineteenth century. It also has streetscape and historical value as an element of the Gayfield estate development.

3 and 5 Gayfield Street forms part of the Gayfield Estate, so called because it stands on the former grounds of Gayfield House (East London Street; 1763-5, still extant; separately listed Category A). These lands were feued by the solicitor James Jollie from 1785. Building began on either side of the drive to the house; the building line on the SW of Gayfield Square follows the line of the drive. These developments began to establish the form of Gayfield Square, which forms the heart of the estate. The gardens at the core of the square were preserved from development as early as the 1790s; Sasines record that '..the area of Gayfield Place [is] to remain an open space for all time coming.' Union Street is on the boundary of these lands, the north side being Gayfield land, and the south side of the street built on land at the edge of the adjoining Picardy estate.

3 and 5 Gayfield Street is built on the back garden land of 6 Gayfield Square (see separate List description), which was owned by James Shaw. It is likely that Shaw, who was a land agent and accountant, bought the villa with a view to developing its garden land. The wall to the rear of 3 and 5 Gayfield Square is part of the original garden wall of 6 Gayfield Square. Shaw subsequently developed part of the garden land of 7 and 8 Gayfield Square in 1890, building a compact tenement which was named Shaw's Square.

External Links

External links are from the relevant listing authority and, where applicable, Wikidata. Wikidata IDs may be related buildings as well as this specific building. If you want to add or update a link, you will need to do so by editing the Wikidata entry.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

BritishListedBuildings.co.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact BritishListedBuildings.co.uk for any queries related to any individual listed building, planning permission related to listed buildings or the listing process itself.

British Listed Buildings is a Good Stuff website.