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Oxenfoord Policies, Cranstoun Dean Bridge

A Category B Listed Building in Midlothian East, Midlothian

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.8757 / 55°52'32"N

Longitude: -2.9763 / 2°58'34"W

OS Eastings: 339010

OS Northings: 665161

OS Grid: NT390651

Mapcode National: GBR 70NH.FK

Mapcode Global: WH7V7.7KYY

Entry Name: Oxenfoord Policies, Cranstoun Dean Bridge

Listing Date: 26 February 2003

Category: B

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 396655

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB49103

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Cranston

County: Midlothian

Electoral Ward: Midlothian East

Parish: Cranston

Traditional County: Midlothian

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Description

Charles Abercromby, 1805. High single-span bridge flanked by classical pilasters with parapet and curved wing-walls. Dressed and droved yellow sandstone ashlar with some red sandstone.

S & N (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATIONS: single semi-circular span, with ashlar voussoirs and moulded impost course; moulded dentil course with parapet above, slab coping to all. Pilasters and slightly projecting support walls to flanks of span with square details to courses, curved wing walls to each side. To S side, carved stones in right pilaster inscribed "JAMES CLERK of chesterhall Convenor, Cha Abercromby Edin arch, 1805". To N side, left wing wall terminated in buttress (supporting high adjoining bank).

Statement of Interest

This bridge, crossing the Cranston Dene, is on the now unused drive leading from Oxenfoord Castle to the South Lodge (both listed separately). The bridge was built at the same time as its sister bridge, the Tyne Bridge (listed separately) and found near the Lion's Gate entrance to Preston Hall. They were built in 1805, as part of improvements to the road structure in Midlothian. It was the work of the Convenor of Roads and Highways - James Clerk, Esq of Chester Hall (a now demolished mansion / country house abutting the Oxenfoord policies to the west of the main road, near what is now called Chester Hill or Edgehead). The architect for the scheme was Charles Abercromby of Edinburgh. The height of its single arch is 29ft but it has an overall "altitude" of 38ft to the ridge of the parapet. The straight portion of the parapet measures 38ft, with flanking walls of 16ft each. Although sister bridges, the Cranstoun Dene Bridge was described (in 1907) as being "much superior in architectural design to the Tyne Bridge". Cranstoun as a village ceased to exist, as did its earlier church - which was rebuilt in the early 1800s in it current position. This bridge was used to carry the south drive for Oxenfoord Castle to the main road. The Lothian Bridge, by Thomas Telford, became the most prominent bridge over the Tyne in the area and formed an early by-pass for the estates. That bridge still carries the main A68 road whilst these two bridges, although admired at their time of construction, have become largely forgotten.

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