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79 High Street (Former Commercial Bank)

A Category C Listed Building in Galashiels, Scottish Borders

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Latitude: 55.618 / 55°37'4"N

Longitude: -2.8116 / 2°48'41"W

OS Eastings: 348979

OS Northings: 636340

OS Grid: NT489363

Mapcode National: GBR 83TG.2Y

Mapcode Global: WH7WN.S2B0

Plus Code: 9C7VJ59Q+59

Entry Name: 79 High Street (Former Commercial Bank)

Listing Name: 79 High Street (Former Commercial Bank)

Listing Date: 14 November 2006

Category: C

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 399222

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB50693

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Galashiels

County: Scottish Borders

Town: Galashiels

Electoral Ward: Galashiels and District

Traditional County: Selkirkshire

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David Rhind, 1869 with later additions. 3-storey, 3-bay, L-plan, symmetrical corner sited palazzo style former bank with ancillary ranges to rear. Hoodmoulds and lugged architraved windows; pillastered balustrade to central tripartite and pedimented window; deep bracketed overhanging eaves. Coursed stugged blonde sandstone ashlar; smooth rusticated ashlar quoins. Earlier 20th century marble and granite cladding at ground floor; moulded bracketed string and cill courses at 1st and 2nd floors. Plain 2-storey, 2-bay range with band course to rear and single storey piended section behind. Random whin rubble with sandstone margins to rear elevation. Later 20th century flat-roofed rendered extensions and brick bin store to far left.

Hardwood margin-paned windows and double timber doors with carved detail fanlights to ground floor; predominantly out of character uPVC windows to upper floors, some 4-pane timber sash and case to rear elevation; bars to rear ground floor windows. Low pitched slate roof with valley to rear, corniced ashlar end stack with clay cans. Cast-iron downpipes recessed in string courses.

INTERIOR: 20th century partitions forming new offices to ground floor, converted to flats at upper floors.

Statement of Interest

The Commercial Bank is a good example of regional bank architecture incorporating fine classical detailing and quality stonework. It is a modest representation of some of the more elaborate bank designs by David Rhind (1808- 1883), a prominent Scottish architect, and the official architect for the Commercial Bank at the time. The bank's relationship to the adjoining tenement by A G Sydney Mitchell mirrors the relationship between the Commercial Bank in Gordon Street, Glasgow and the corresponding Sidney Mitchell building on Buchannon Street.

The bank was built at a cost of £2653 in 1869, having moved from the temporary premises held since 1866 on the other side of the street on the corner with Johnston's Close.

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