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Barn at Lower Tresenny

A Grade II* Listed Building in Grosmont, Monmouthshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.912 / 51°54'43"N

Longitude: -2.8612 / 2°51'40"W

OS Eastings: 340854

OS Northings: 224071

OS Grid: SO408240

Mapcode National: GBR FD.PLX6

Mapcode Global: VH78X.C67L

Entry Name: Barn at Lower Tresenny

Listing Date: 9 January 1956

Last Amended: 19 October 2000

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 1954

Building Class: Agriculture and Subsistence

Location: 400m SE of Grosmont village, immediately S of the road junction to Middle Tresenny, and some 30m SW of Lower Tresenny farmhouse.

County: Monmouthshire

Town: Abergavenny

Community: Grosmont (Y Grysmwnt)

Community: Grosmont

Locality: Tresenny

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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Grosmont

History

An extremely rare example of a surviving cruck-framed corn barn of c1550, with lofted cowhouse at lower end.

Exterior

Timber framed over stone base to the long walls, upper part weatherboarded in oak, thinly coursed rubble stone to gable walls, C20 corrugated steel roof. Opposing off-centre doorways to threshing floor. On NE side, the upper barn wall is weatherboarded and the lower wall has a C16 6-light diamond mullion in chamfered, roll moulded frame (elevation partly obscured by C20 addition). N gable has three ground-floor doorways to cowhouse; chamfered frames, C16 plank door to right doorway. Upper gable has a wooden 5-light diamond mullion in chamfered frame. Lean-to (to left) has unglazed opening on ground floor and boarded door to pitching loft above.

Interior

Barn of 6 bays. Two pairs of massive crucks with exceptionally fine carpentry flank each side of the threshing floor. The N pair of crucks survive complete, S pair of crucks have been sawn off below the tie. Breadth of cruck blades is greatest between tie and collar. At apex blades do not converge but support a triangular yoke. Two tiers of purlins, the top row trenched, the bottom row butted directly against the back of the cruck blades and supported from the ends of the tie beams by angle struts. In addition to the two cruck trusses, are three collar and tie beam trusses which rest on heavy posts with jowled heads. Rectangular wall framing to sides, covered by oak weatherboarding. Flagged threshing floor has centre doorway to lower cowhouse and plank door with strap hinges.

Reasons for Listing

Highly graded II* as a well-preserved and exceptionally rare example of a C16 cruck-framed barn. Group value with the farmhouse and listed farm buildings at Lower Tresenny.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Granary at Lower Tresenny
    Some 400m SE of Grosmont village, S of the road junction to Middle Tresenny.
  • II Lower Tresenny Farmhouse
    Some 400m SE of Grosmont village, S of the road junction to Middle Tresenny.
  • II Old Tan House
    Prominently sited on the SE approach to Grosmont village, approximately 100m E of St Nicholas's Church.
  • II Athelstan
    70m NE of the Church of St Nicholas, Grosmont. The front is bounded by a narrow forecourt enclosed by decorative iron railings.
  • II Alma House including Railed Forecourt
    In Grosmont village about 50m E of the Church of St Nicholas.
  • I Church of St Nicholas
    In the centre of Grosmont in a large, gently sloping churchyard which contains a range of well-preserved memorials and chest tombs.
  • II Woodview
    At the roadside, approximately 50m N of St Nicholas's Church, next the lane leading to Grosmont Castle.
  • II Coach House at The Post Office
    Some 40m N of the Church of St Nicholas, to E of the entrance gates to churchyard.

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