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Ffynnon Beuno

A Grade II* Listed Building in Clynnog, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0188 / 53°1'7"N

Longitude: -4.367 / 4°22'1"W

OS Eastings: 241325

OS Northings: 349450

OS Grid: SH413494

Mapcode National: GBR 5D.FTXT

Mapcode Global: WH43Y.WDN2

Entry Name: Ffynnon Beuno

Listing Date: 29 May 1968

Last Amended: 15 September 1999

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 3759

Building Class: Water Supply and Drainage

Location: The well stands at the SW end of the village, close to the main road, and reached by a short path from the main road to Llanaelhaearn.

County: Gwynedd

Town: Caernarfon

Community: Clynnog

Community: Clynnog

Locality: Clynnog-fawr

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

Find accommodation in
Clynnog-fawr

History

The well is of early origin, and apparently honoured through the medieval period. The surrounding walls were probably reconstructed in the late C18 or C19. It was observed by Leland, (Itinerary C16) and had a high reputation for the part it could play in obtaining a cure for epilepsy. The afflicted would bathe in the well and sleep overnight on a bed of rushes placed on the saint's tomb in St Beuno's Chapel. The waters were also taken, with the additions of scrapings from the columns of the chapel, to cure eye problems. It is reputed that heifers were once sacrificed at the well - an interesting survival of pre-Chrisitan ritual.

Exterior

A square stone lined well at the foot of sloping farmland, surrounded on three sides by 2 steps and a continuous stone bench built against the NE and SW enclosing stone walls. These are approximately 2m high, perhaps rebuilt, and have triangular copings. The entrance faces NW to the road and is furnished with a C19 iron gate approached by 4 steps.

Interior

There are three rectangular recesses in the side walls, probably for the bathers' clothing and possessions. The well measures 2.3m square, and the water, which still flows, is c350mm deep, overflowing through the NW wall to a gully running down to the roadside.

Reasons for Listing

Included at grade II* as a substantial structure which survives virtually intact, where the internal bathing arrangements can be clearly appreciated; an excellent example of a holy well of Wales (with associated pre-Christian traditions) and a well documented history of use up to as late as the late C18.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Maes-glas
    The house stands between the village and Ffynnon Beuno, at the SW end of the main road.
  • II Former SW wing of Bodfasarn
    The building is attached to the SW gable end of Bodfasarn, facing the main road.
  • II Bodfasarn
    The house lies alongside the main road, immediately SW of the church in the centre of the village.
  • II Sundial in the churchyard of the Church of St Beuno
    The sundial now stands in the churchyard approximately 3m from the SW corner of the Chapel of St Beuno.
  • II Bod Cybi
    The house is one of a row of cottages overlooking the churchyard at the centre of the village.
  • I Church of St Beuno, with attached Chapel of St Beuno
    The parish church is set close to the main Caernarfon to Pwllheli road, in a large graveyard which slopes gently to the N. The chapel stands on the S side of the tower.
  • II Tomb of Eben Fardd
    The tomb is set in the churchyard on the NE side of the church, close to the gable of the N vestry.
  • II Lychgate to the churchyard of the Church of St Beuno
    The lychgate opens directly off the main road at the centre of the village, and leads into the W corner of the churchyard opposite the E end of the chancel.

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