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Capel Newydd

A Grade I Listed Building in Llanengan, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.8484 / 52°50'54"N

Longitude: -4.547 / 4°32'49"W

OS Eastings: 228581

OS Northings: 330919

OS Grid: SH285309

Mapcode National: GBR 54.SRXM

Mapcode Global: WH44N.4N1P

Entry Name: Capel Newydd

Listing Date: 19 October 1971

Last Amended: 1 April 1998

Grade: I

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 4303

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: Situated in field near Ty Bricks reached by lane and track running W from B4413 from point some 700m E of Nanhoron.

County: Gwynedd

Town: Pwllheli

Community: Llanengan

Community: Llanengan

Locality: Nanhoron

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

Find accommodation in
Llanengan

History

Probably the earliest surviving nonconformist building in North Wales, built 1770-2. The first chapel built in the Llyn outside Pwllheli, preaching began about 1740. John Williams of Saethon and Mrs Edwards of Nanhoron were prominent supporters, and the chapel was built on Nanhoron land, possibly converted from an existing outbuilding. The chapel may have been altered shortly afterwards as there are signs of a central door, behind the present pulpit, but retains an interior almost uniquely redolent of the early rural chapels, still earth floored and with box pews in a long barn-like space. The chapel remained unaltered as a new chapel was built in Mynytho in 1872. Carefully restored in 1956-8 by T Alwyn Lloyd & Alex Gordon. It is marked on the 1839 Tithe Map on land owned by Mary Williams, with another building of similar size parallel.

Exterior

Chapel, rubble stone with steep roof of small slates with stone gable copings. Long single storey barn-like range with N front off-centre eaves-breaking pair of 9-pane casements, horizontal-sliding, under catslide roof, with straight joints for wider opening below. 2 plank doors, one at left end, the other rather further in from right end. W end horizontal sliding casement of two 12-pane lights, small-paned. Rear S has centre 16-pane light and casement to right of two 8-pane lights. Left end 12-pane sash left of centre. Stone slab lintels.

Interior

Exceptional interior with whitewashed low plastered walls, beaten earth floor and open roof of 5 pine pegged collar trusses. Pews are arranged in two rows with axial passage, fielded-panelled box pews with doors. W end has 3 stepped pews facing down length of chapel, double and single block with passage between and at N end. The long row along the rear wall is in 2 blocks, one section facing W the other E, the pew between larger with benches on 3 sides. The front wall has pulpit in window recess, plain square pulpit with curved angles. 4-panel front and 2-panel sides, the right side a door. Projecting book-rest with candle-holders. Bench seat within with boarded back and steps up to right. At ground level in front a panelled enclosure with bench seats and table. Large box pew to left, to right 4 box pews, the last with opposed benches. Two simple turned-wood candelabra on pulleys.

Reasons for Listing

Graded I as an exceptionally early nonconformist building with one of the very few surviving early chapel interiors.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Bodlondeb
    Situated on W side of B4413 some 600m E of Nanhoron bridge.
  • II Milestone
    Situated on E side of B4413 some 600m E of Nanhoron bridge opposite Bodlondeb.
  • II Ty'n-y-mynydd
    Situated some 2km W of Mynytho centre on S side of road to Rhiw, about 400m W of junction with B4413.
  • II Milestone
    Situated on N side of B4413 some 10m W of junction with B4415 E of Nanhoron near Rhydgaled.
  • II Rhydgaled
    Situated on E side of B4415 just N of junction with B4413 at Nanhoron.
  • II The Lodge at Nanhoron
    Situated some 300m E of Nanhoron, S of the B4413 road, in a walled garden next to the entrance gates to Nanhoron estate.
  • II Entrance Gates at Nanhoron
    Situated some 300m E of Nanhoron, set back slightly to S of B4413 road, and forming the entrance to the Nanhoron estate.
  • II The Coach House at Nanhoron
    In the grounds of an estate, surrounded by parkland to the S and a walled flower and vegetable garden to the N, reached along a private drive which runs some 150m SW of the B4413.

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