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Old Mortuary Chapel

A Grade I Listed Building in Carew, Pembrokeshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6901 / 51°41'24"N

Longitude: -4.8294 / 4°49'45"W

OS Eastings: 204533

OS Northings: 202831

OS Grid: SN045028

Mapcode National: GBR GB.SL39

Mapcode Global: VH2PJ.7SR7

Entry Name: Old Mortuary Chapel

Listing Date: 14 May 1970

Last Amended: 6 February 1997

Grade: I

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 5945

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: Within St Mary's Churchyard, about 30 m NW of the Church.

County: Pembrokeshire

Town: Tenby

Community: Carew (Caeriw)

Community: Carew

Locality: Carew Cheriton

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire

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Carew

History

A mortuary chapel, probably of the C14, traditionally known locally as 'the Oratory'. It was later used as a school. It has a vaulted undercroft which was originally a charnel house, but in which paupers were later lodged. Two female paupers were the last occupants in c.1840. The undercroft is now used as a store-room.

The Chapel is first known to have been converted to a school in 1625. It was still in this use in 1833 when there were 50 day-school children and 60 to 70 Sunday-school children enrolled. In 1842 it is described as 'used as a Sunday-school and vestry room'. In 1846 the day-school was reformed as a National school supported by the Vicar, with 116 children enrolled and taught by the monitorial system. The school was briefly held elsewhere, but soon returned to the old chapel. It remained until a purpose-built school in the village was established in 1872. The chapel now serves as a parish meeting-room and a Sunday-school is still held there.

Exterior

A large free-standing chapel on a vaulted undercroft. Rubble masonry in local limestone. Slate roof with an upstanding parapet at the verges. The entrance to the undercroft is at the W gable, and there are bone-holes at N, E and S. The ones at N and S are in their original state, that to the E is concealed behind a mural monument. The entrance to the chapel is by an external flight of steps in the N side, the door being in the NW corner. Part of the stone tracery and the dressed arch of the blocked E window survive.

Interior

In the chapel fragments of the original three-light E window remain, partly blocked by a later smaller window and a fireplace. The flue from the fireplace appears to occupy part of the old window void. A piscina with a trefoiled ogee-headed hood is in the SE corner. A modern window is fitted into the original lancet opening in the N wall. There is a water-stoup in a recess with a simple pointed head beside the entrance door. The roof is divided by six trusses, with a half-bay at each end. The roof span is 5.4 m. There are high collar beams and there are two rows of purlins at each side. The collar beams are cambered and tenoned into the principals.

The undercroft has an elliptical vault in rubble limestone, of about 5 m span with a rise of about 1.5 m, without ribs. The N and S walls upon which it bears are about 1.2 m in thickness.

The monument built into the exterior of the E wall is to John Relly, d.1777, a prominent early leader of the Calvinist Methodist movement.

Reasons for Listing

Listed Grade I as a well preserved and rare example of a mortuary chapel with additional social history interest as a schoolroom and a lodging for paupers.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II St. Mary's Churchyard Wall
    Wall to the churchyard of St Mary's, with gates to the N, W and S.
  • II Old Almshouses
    At NW corner of St. Mary's churchyard, facing W to the lane. The almshouses are the last two remaining from a row known in the C19 as 'Alms Row'. A mounting-block is adjacent to the N gable.
  • I Church Of St. Mary
    In Carew Cheriton, 300 m S of the A477.
  • II Grove Manor
    In extensive grounds immediately S of St Mary's churchyard. There is a gateway in the churchyard wall for the use of this house. High boundary wall to the access lane with iron gate.
  • II Old School and Schoolteacher's House
    In the village of Carew Cheriton about 100 m N of the Church. There is a small playground at the N of the school and a garden S of the house.
  • II* The Fortified Rectory
    100 m SW of St Mary's churchyard.
  • II Milepost at junction of A477 with A4075
    Immediately west of the junction of the A477 with the A4075, on the S side of Carew Village.
  • II Milton Bridge
    In the village of Milton, about 30 m N of the A477 road.

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